Predictors of treatment response to liraglutide in type 2 diabetes in a real-world setting

ReaL (NN2211-4118) Study Group*

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Aims: There is an unmet need among healthcare providers to identify subgroups of patients with type 2 diabetes who are most likely to respond to treatment. Methods: Data were taken from electronic medical records of participants of an observational, retrospective study in Italy. We used logistic regression models to assess the odds of achieving glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) reduction ≥ 1.0% point after 12-month treatment with liraglutide (primary endpoint), according to various patient-related factors. RECursive Partitioning and AMalgamation (RECPAM) analysis was used to identify distinct homogeneous patient subgroups with different odds of achieving the primary endpoint. Results: Data from 1325 patients were included, of which 577 (43.5%) achieved HbA1c reduction ≥ 1.0% point (10.9 mmol/mol) after 12 months. Logistic regression showed that for each additional 1% HbA1c at baseline, the odds of reaching this endpoint were increased 3.5 times (95% CI: 2.90–4.32). By use of RECPAM analysis, five distinct responder subgroups were identified, with baseline HbA1c and diabetes duration as the two splitting variables. Patients in the most poorly controlled subgroup (RECPAM Class 1, mean baseline HbA1c > 9.1% [76 mmol/mol]) had a 28-fold higher odds of reaching the endpoint versus patients in the best-controlled group (mean baseline HbA1c ≤ 7.5% [58 mmol/mol]). Mean HbA1c reduction from baseline was as large as − 2.2% (24 mol/mol) in the former versus − 0.1% (1.1 mmol/mol) in the latter. Mean weight reduction ranged from 2.5 to 4.3 kg across RECPAM subgroups. Conclusions: Glycaemic response to liraglutide is largely driven by baseline HbA1c levels and, to a lesser extent, by diabetes duration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)557-568
Number of pages12
JournalActa Diabetologica
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2018


  • GLP-1RA
  • Liraglutide
  • RECPAM analysis
  • Response to therapy
  • Type 2 diabetes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology


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