Predictors of Urinary Infections and Urosepsis After Ureteroscopy for Stone Disease: a Systematic Review from EAU Section of Urolithiasis (EULIS)

Shreya Chugh, Amelia Pietropaolo, Emanuele Montanari, Kemal Sarica, Bhaskar K. Somani

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Purpose of Review: To present the latest evidence related to the predictors of urinary tract infections (UTIs) and urosepsis after ureteroscopy (URS) for stone disease. Recent Findings: Our review suggests that almost half of all post-URS complications are related to infectious complications although reported rates of urosepsis were low. The use of antibiotic prophylaxis, treatment of pre-operative UTI, and low procedural time seem to reduce this risk. However, the risk is higher in patients with higher Charlson comorbidity index, elderly patients, female gender, long duration of pre-procedural indwelling ureteric stents and patients with a neurogenic bladder and with high BMI. Summary: Infectious complications following ureteroscopy can be a source of morbidity and potential mortality. Although majority of these are minor, efforts must be taken to minimise them especially in high-risk patients. This includes the use of prophylactic antibiotics, limiting stent dwell and procedural time, prompt identification and treatment of UTI and urosepsis, and careful planning in patients with large stone burden and multiple comorbidities.

Original languageEnglish
Article number16
JournalCurrent Urology Reports
Volume21
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2020

Keywords

  • Access sheath
  • Antibiotic
  • Complication
  • Sepsis
  • Stent
  • Ureteroscopy
  • Urine culture
  • Urosepsis
  • UTI

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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