Pregnancy and Hymenoptera venom allergy

Patrizia Bonadonna, Marina Mauro, Donatella Preziosi, Valerio Pravettoni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To evaluate the indication to perform venom immunotherapy (VIT) during pregnancy considering the risks of adverse events during the build-up phase or the maintenance phase and analyzing specific articles and guidelines on VIT. RECENT FINDINGS: Only few studies treat this argument and literature only counts one recent study on the topic, whereas recent guidelines state the behavior to keep in pregnancy. SUMMARY: Hymenoptera venom allergy (HVA) affects about 7.5% of the European population. VIT is the only effective disease-modifying treatment for patients presenting anaphylactic reactions. VIT counts several mechanisms of action, with the increase of IgG1 and IgG4 and a cytokine impairment inducing a Th2-Th1 shift. Pregnancy is a health condition where a Th2 profile is required to prevent fetal rejection, so VIT could be a problem for the fetus when started during pregnancy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)465-469
Number of pages5
JournalCurrent Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Volume20
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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