Pregnancy outcome of migrant women delivering in a public institution in Northern Italy

Giovanni Zanconato, Carlotta Iacovella, Fabio Parazzini, Valentino Bergamini, Massimo Franchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background/Aim: European societies are facing a wave of incoming immigrants and the needs of a new multiethnic obstetrical population. It remains controversial whether native and immigrant women have equivalent pregnancy outcomes. Methods: Perinatal indicators of the obstetric outcome were monitored in all delivering women during a 5-year period in a large academic public general hospital. We compared rates of preterm deliveries, low birth weight, cesarean section during labor, perineal tears, and fetal acidemia in the native and immigrant parturients. Results: Immigrant women experienced very low birth weight (p <0.005) and preterm deliveries (p <0.05), more often than natives did. Among ethnic groups, data singled out Sub-Saharan African women to be at a higher risk for very small premature babies and cesarean section during labor. Conclusions: There are differences in perinatal outcome between immigrant and Italian woman; within the large migrant population, ethnic groups show wide disparities and challenge the health provider differently. Special attention to women at a higher risk may reduce fetal-maternal morbidities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)157-162
Number of pages6
JournalGynecologic and Obstetric Investigation
Volume72
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2011

Keywords

  • Ethnic disparities
  • Female migrants
  • Pregnancy outcomes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology
  • Reproductive Medicine

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