Preliminary correlations of clinical outcome with in vitro chemosensitivity of second passage human breast cancer cells

Helene S. Smith, Wainer Zoli, Annalisa Volpi, Alan Hiller, Marc Lippman, Sandra Swain, Brian Mayall, Charles Dollbaum, Adeline J. Hackett, Dino Amadori

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

These studies describe the clinical correlations of 63 in vitro chemosensitivity assays on breast cancer cells after short-term monolayer culture. Forty-five of the assays were single agent correlations. Based on cut-off values determined empirically, the test accurately predicted resistance for 36 of 41 patients (88%) who did not respond to the drug. It also predicted sensitivity with a high degree of accuracy: 21 of 22 patients (95%) who responded to the drug tested had a sensitive assay. In five cases, two biopsies were evaluated from the same patient. Whenever assays were performed before and after treatment with a given drug, tumor cells from the second biopsy were more resistant in vitro if the patient failed on therapy. If the patient did not fail, but stopped therapy for other reasons, or if there was no intervening therapy with the tested drug, the two biopsies remained similar in drug sensitivity. These results suggest that in vitro chemosensitivity assays which accurately predict both sensitivity and resistance can be obtained with breast cancer cells after short-term culture and that further prospective trials are warranted.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2943-2948
Number of pages6
JournalCancer Research
Volume50
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - May 15 1990

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

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    Smith, H. S., Zoli, W., Volpi, A., Hiller, A., Lippman, M., Swain, S., Mayall, B., Dollbaum, C., Hackett, A. J., & Amadori, D. (1990). Preliminary correlations of clinical outcome with in vitro chemosensitivity of second passage human breast cancer cells. Cancer Research, 50(10), 2943-2948.