Preliminary dosimetric analysis of DOTA-folate radiopharmaceutical radiolabelled with 47Sc produced through natV(p,x)47Sc cyclotron irradiation

L De Nardo, G Pupillo, L Mou, D Furlanetto, A Rosato, J Esposito, L Meléndez-Alafort

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

47Sc is one of the most promising theranostic radionuclides, thanks to its low energy γ-ray emission (159 keV), suitable for single photon emission computed tomography imaging and its intense β - emission, useful for tumour treatment. Despite promising preclinical results, the translation of 47Sc-therapeutic agents to the clinic is hampered by its limited availability. Among different 47Sc-production routes currently being investigated, the natV(p,x)47Sc reaction has proved to be of particular interest, thanks to the low-cost and easy availability on the market of natV material and the diffusion of medium energy proton cyclotrons. However, the cross section of this specific nuclear reaction is quite low and small amounts of Sc-contaminants are co-produced at energies E P ≤ 45 MeV, namely 48Sc and 46Sc. The main concern with these Sc-contaminants is their contribution to the patient absorbed dose. For such a reason, the absorbed dose contributions to healthy organs and the effective dose contributions by the three radioisotopes, 48Sc, 47Sc and 46Sc, were evaluated using DOTA-folate conjugate (cm10) as an example of radiopharmaceutical product. Considering as acceptable the limits of 99% for the radionuclidic purity and 10% for the contribution of radioactive Sc-contaminants to the total effective dose after 47Sc-cm10 injection, it was obtained that proton beam energies below 35 MeV must be used to produce 47Sc through irradiation of a natV target.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)025003
Number of pages13
JournalPhysics in Medicine and Biology
Volume66
Issue number2
Early online dateNov 5 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 22 2021

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Preliminary dosimetric analysis of DOTA-folate radiopharmaceutical radiolabelled with 47Sc produced through natV(p,x)47Sc cyclotron irradiation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this