The pattern of inhibition of cell proliferation and cytotoxicity in vitro by 1,4-bis(1-naphthyl)-2,3-dinitro-1,3-butadiene (Naph-DNB) was evaluated by the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) and the trypan blue (TB) dye exclusion assays in nine murine and human cell lines of different histologic origin. In our culture conditions Naph-DNB showed a good inhibiting activity against all cell lines tested, with IC 50s varying within a narrow micromolar range of concentrations (2.0 ± 0.2-14.3 ± 2.3 μM). In particular, murine P388 (leukemia), human Jurkat (leukemia), A2780, PA-1 (ovarian carcinoma) and Saos-2 (osteosarcoma) cells showed the highest sensitivity to the inhibiting potential of Naph-DNB, while human A549 (non small cell lung cancer, NSCLC), MDA-MB-231 (breast cancer), HGC-27 (gastric cancer) and HCT-8 (colon carcinoma) were the least sensitive cell lines. Moreover, the analysis of cytotoxicity of Naph-DNB evaluated by the TB test showed that this compound was able to kill cells with IC 50s ranging from 1.7 to 39.2 μM. The study of the induction of apoptosis was carried out by 4′-6-diamidine-2′-phenylindole (DAPI) staining of segmented nuclei, western blot of p53 protein and TdT-mediated dUTP-biotin nick end labeling (TUNEL) method, while the interaction with DNA was evaluated through the analysis of interstrand cross-link (ISCL) formation. Our data show that in all cell lines tested Naph-DNB was able to form ISCLs, to upregulate p53 oncosuppressor-protein and to induce apoptosis. Moreover, TUNEL analysis also suggested that Naph-DNB, similarly to other anticancer drugs, was able to block cells in the G 0/G 1 phase of the cell cycle. In conclusion our data suggest that Naph-DNB may be an effective novel lead molecule for the design of new anticancer compounds.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Investigational New Drugs|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 2004|
- growth inhibition
- mechanism of action
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine