Preliminary evaluation of myocardial toxicity of 4'-deoxydoxorubicin: experimental and clinical results

F. Villani, R. Comazzi, V. Genitoni, G. Lacaita, A. Guindani, F. Crippa, E. Monti, F. Piccinini, A. Rozza, E. Lanza

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4'-deoxydoxorubicin (4'-deoxy-DXR), a new doxorubicin (DXR) analogue with interesting antineoplastic activity, was tested for its cardiotoxicity in guinea pigs and humans. In experiments on isolated guinea pig heart, which is considered a highly predictive model of acute anthracycline cardiotoxicity in humans, 4'-deoxy-DXR was found to be significantly less cardiotoxic than DXR. This effect was correlated with a lower degree of inhibitions of the fast-exchanging calcium compartment and of the low affinity sarcolemmal calcium-binding sites. The preliminary study on 4'-deoxy-DXR in humans was conducted on 117 patients affected by advanced malignancies resistant to conventional chemotherapy. The drug was administered by bolus of i.v. injection in doses ranging from 10 to 40 mg/m2 in the phase I study and in doses of 35 mg/m2 in the phase II study, which is still ongoing. Cardiologic evaluation consisted of recording of EKG, left ventricular systolic time intervals (STI), echocardiography and radionuclide ejection fraction. Preliminary data indicated a lower precentage of EKG abnormalities in comparison not only with DXR but also with other anthracycline analogues. Analysis of STI recorded 1 h after different doses of 4'-deoxy-DXR failed to show the dose-dependent effect on left ventricular function which has been described for DXR, thus confirming the lower acute cardiotoxic effect. Functional parameters serially measured to evaluate chronic cardiotoxicity in 15 patients who recieved more than 200 mg/m2 were not significantly different from basal values.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)223-231
Number of pages9
JournalDrugs under Experimental and Clinical Research
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1985

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Pharmacology
  • Drug Discovery


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