Preliminary study of a low-cost point-of-care testing system using screen-printed biosensors: For early biomarkers detection related to Alzheimer Disease

Sarah Tonello, Mauro Serpelloni, Nicola Francesco Lopomo, Emilio Sardini, Giulia Abate, Daniela Letizia Uberti

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Among neurodegenerative diseases, Alzheimer Disease (AD) represents one of the most widespread pathologies, for which an early diagnosis is still missing. A peculiar expression of an altered conformational isoform of p53 protein was reported to be a potential biomarker able to distinguish AD subjects from healthy population, quantifiable using a blood-based enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). In order to overcome ELISA limitations, related to reliability and to improve sensitivity, this study aimed to realize a low cost highly sensitive portable point-of-care (PoC) testing system based on screen printed electrochemical sensors (SPES). The development of the platform specifically included both the design of the sensing probe and of the electronic circuit devoted to the conditioning and acquisition of the transduced electric signal. In particular, silver, carbon and silver-silver chloride were selected respectively to realize conductive tracks, working and counter electrodes, reference electrode in a three-electrodes configuration focusing on Anodic Stripping Voltammetry (ASV). The conditioning circuit was designed following the scheme for a common potentiostat, and produced as a Printed Circuit Board (PCB). Initial testing of the circuit were performed recording changes in the conductivity of NaCl solution and quantifying electrodes coating with antibodies using Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS) principle. Preliminary results obtained with saline solution, showed the ability of the circuit to give the best response corresponding to low changes in NaCl concentration (sensitivity 0.2 mA/(mg/ml)), suggesting a good sensitivity of the platform. Results from EIS showed the ability of the circuit to discriminate between different concentrations of antibodies coatings (sensitivity 80 μA/μg). The study is on-going and after a proper calibration, the circuit is intended to be optimized to quantify unknown concentration of unfolded p53 in samples of peripheral blood of AD patients, compared results with the one from ELISA analysis, aiming to realize a low cost, easy to use and highly precise platform.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2016 IEEE International Symposium on Medical Measurements and Applications, MeMeA 2016 - Proceedings
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9781467391726
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 4 2016
Event11th IEEE International Symposium on Medical Measurements and Applications, MeMeA 2016 - Benevento, Italy
Duration: May 15 2016May 18 2016

Other

Other11th IEEE International Symposium on Medical Measurements and Applications, MeMeA 2016
CountryItaly
CityBenevento
Period5/15/165/18/16

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Keywords

  • Alzheimer disease
  • biomarkers
  • electrochemical biosensors
  • point of care testing
  • screen printing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Signal Processing
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Instrumentation

Cite this

Tonello, S., Serpelloni, M., Lopomo, N. F., Sardini, E., Abate, G., & Uberti, D. L. (2016). Preliminary study of a low-cost point-of-care testing system using screen-printed biosensors: For early biomarkers detection related to Alzheimer Disease. In 2016 IEEE International Symposium on Medical Measurements and Applications, MeMeA 2016 - Proceedings [7533800] Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1109/MeMeA.2016.7533800