Premature ovarian failure: Frequency and risk factors among women attending a network of menopause clinics in Italy

F. Parazzini, D. De Aloysio, P. Di Donato, N. A. Giulini, A. Bacchi Modena, G. Cicchetti, G. Comitini, G. Gentile, P. Cristiani, A. Careccia, E. Esposito, F. Gualdi, S. Golinelli, E. Berga-mini, G. Masellis, S. Rastelli, C. Gigli, A. Elia, D. Marchesoni, F. SticottiG. Del Frate, C. Zompicchiatti, L. Marino, M. R. Costa, P. Pinto, D. Dodero, A. Storace, G. Spinelli, S. Quaranta, C. M. Bossi, A. Ollago, U. Omodei, M. Vaccari, M. Luerti, F. Repetti, G. Zandonini, F. Raspagliesi, F. Dolci, G. Gambarino, B. De Pasquale, G. Polizzotti, G. Borsellino, P. Alpi-nelli, N. Natale, D. Colombo, C. Belloni, A. Viani, G. Cecchini, G. W. Vinci, B. A. Samaja, E. Pasinetti, M. Penotti, F. Ognissanti, P. Pesando, C. Malanetto, M. Gallo, G. Dolfin, P. Tartaglino, D. Mossotto, A. Pistoni, A. Tarani, P. D. Rattazzi, D. Rossaro, M. Campanella, E. Arisi, M. Gamper, D. Salvatores, E. Bocchin, G. Stellin, G. Meli, V. Azzini, F. Tirozzi, G. Buoso, R. Fraioli, V. Mar-soni, C. Cetera, R. Sposetti, E. Candiotto, R. Pignalosa, L. Del Pup, U. Bellati, C. Angeloni, M. Buonerba, S. Garzarelli, C. Santilli, M. Mucci, Q. Di Nisio, F. Cappa, I. Pierangeli, A. Cordone, L. Falasca, D. Ferrante, G. B. Serra, E. Cirese, P. A. Todaro, C. Romanini, L. Spagnuolo, A. Lanzone, C. Donadio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: To determine the frequency and causes of preterm ovarian failure (menopause before 40 years of age) and early menopause (menopause between 40 and 45 years). Design: Cross sectional study. Setting: Menopause clinics in Italy. Population: Women attending menopause clinics in Italy. Methods: Between 1997 and 1999 we conducted a large cross sectional study on the characteristics of women around menopause attending a network of first-level outpatient menopause clinics in Italy for general counselling about menopause or treatment of menopausal symptoms. Eligible for the study were all women aged 45-75 years consecutively observed for the first time at the participating centres on randomly selected days during the study period. Main outcome measure: Factors associated with preterm ovarian failure. Results: Out of 15,253 women aged 55 years or more with spontaneous menopause who entered the study, 269 (1.8%) reported preterm ovarian failure, and 1085 (7.1%) reported spontaneous menopause at age 40-45 years. The risk of preterm ovarian failure and of early menopause was higher in women reporting lifelong irregular menstrual cycles: in comparison with women reporting menopause at age z45 years, the OR (irregular vs regular mestrual cycles) of preterm ovarian failure was 1.3 (95% CI 1.0-1.7) and of early menopause of 1.2 (95% CI 1.0-1.5). Parous women reported less frequently preterm ovarian failure (x2 trend P <0.05) and early menopause (OR 0.8, 95% CI 0.7-1.0). No significant association emerged between risk of preterm ovarian failure or menopause at age 40 to

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)59-63
Number of pages5
JournalBJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Volume110
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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    Parazzini, F., De Aloysio, D., Di Donato, P., Giulini, N. A., Bacchi Modena, A., Cicchetti, G., Comitini, G., Gentile, G., Cristiani, P., Careccia, A., Esposito, E., Gualdi, F., Golinelli, S., Berga-mini, E., Masellis, G., Rastelli, S., Gigli, C., Elia, A., Marchesoni, D., ... Donadio, C. (2003). Premature ovarian failure: Frequency and risk factors among women attending a network of menopause clinics in Italy. BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 110(1), 59-63.