Objective: Two insulin regimens were used to explore acute and chronic postprandial changes in glycemia, lipemia, and metabolic markers associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Methods: An open-label, randomized, two-period crossover study (12 weeks/period) compared a prandial regimen [premeal insulin lispro + bedtime neutral protamine Hagedorn (NPH)] with a basal regimen (twice-daily NPH). There were 30 patients (12 women and 18 men; mean age=61 years) with type 2 diabetes mellitus (mean duration=16 years) who were randomized after a 2-month lead-in with twice-daily NPH treatment. A standard lunch test meal developed according to each patient's caloric needs was administered at the end of each treatment period. Results: Insulin lispro was associated with significantly lower postprandial glucose (area under the curve0-5 h=43.54 vs. 57.65 mM/h; P1c (HbA1c; mean±SE=7.6±0.2 vs. 8.2±0.2%; P1c and acute modulation of lipid fractions after a test meal. These biochemical modifications may potentially have a favorable impact on cardiovascular risk in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
- Test meal
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism