Prenatal exposure to bpa: The effects on hepatic lipid metabolism in male and female rat fetuses

Claudia Tonini, Marco Segatto, Simona Bertoli, Alessandro Leone, Arianna Mazzoli, Luisa Cigliano, Laura Barberio, Maurizio Mandalà, Valentina Pallottini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Bisphenol A (BPA) is an organic chemical compound widely used for manufacturing plastics. BPA exposure originates principally from the diet, but it can also originate from dermal contact. In over 90% of individuals, including pregnant women, BPA is detectable in several body fluids. The effects of this exposure on the fetus are under active investigation in several research laboratories. The aim of our work was to study the impact of prenatal exposure to BPA in the liver of rat fetuses from a sex-dependent point of view. We particularly investigated the effects of prenatal BPA exposure on hepatic lipids because of their crucial role, not only for the liver, but also for the whole-body functions. Our results demonstrate that the liver of rat fetuses, in utero exposed to a very low dose of BPA (2.5 µg/kg/day), displays significant modulations with regard to proteins involved in cholesterol and fatty acid biosynthesis and trafficking. Moreover, an impact on inflammatory process has been observed. All these effects are dependent on sex, being observable only in female rat fetuses. In conclusion, this work demonstrates that maternal exposure to BPA compromises hepatic lipid metabolism in female offspring, and it also reveals the perspective impact of BPA on human health at doses currently considered safe.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1970
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2021


  • 3-hydroxy 3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase
  • Acyl coenzyme A carboxylase
  • Bisphenol A
  • Cholesterol
  • Fatty acids
  • Fetuses
  • Liver

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics


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