Prenatal exposure to mixtures of xenoestrogens and genome-wide DNA methylation in human placenta

Nadia Vilahur, Mariona Bustamante, Eva Morales, Valeria Motta, Mariana Fátima Fernandez, Lucas Andrés Salas, Georgia Escaramis, Ferran Ballester, Mario Murcia, Adonina Tardon, Isolina Rianõ, Loreto Santa-Marina, Jesús Ibarluzea, Juan Pedro Arrebola, Xavier Estivill, Valentina Bollati, Jordi Sunyer, Nicolás Olea

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: In utero exposure to xenostrogens may modify the epigenome. We explored the association of prenatal exposure to mixtures of xenoestrogens and genome-wide placental DNA methylation. Materials & methods: Sex-specific associations between methylation changes in placental DNA by doubling the concentration of TEXB-alpha exposure were evaluated by robust multiple linear regression. Two CpG sites were selected for validation and replication in additional male born placentas. Results: No significant associations were found, although the top significant CpGs in boys were located in the LRPAP1, HAGH, PPARGC1B, KCNQ1 and KCNQ1DN genes, previously associated to birth weight, Type 2 diabetes, obesity or steroid hormone signaling. Neither technical validation nor biological replication of the results was found in boys for LRPAP and PPARGC1B. Conclusion: Some suggestive genes were differentially methylated in boys in relation to prenatal xenoestrogen exposure, but our initial findings could not be validated or replicated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)43-54
Number of pages12
JournalEpigenomics
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2016

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Keywords

  • DNA methylation
  • endocrine disruptors
  • epigenome xenoestrogens
  • placenta
  • prenatal
  • programming
  • TEXB

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Cancer Research

Cite this

Vilahur, N., Bustamante, M., Morales, E., Motta, V., Fernandez, M. F., Salas, L. A., Escaramis, G., Ballester, F., Murcia, M., Tardon, A., Rianõ, I., Santa-Marina, L., Ibarluzea, J., Arrebola, J. P., Estivill, X., Bollati, V., Sunyer, J., & Olea, N. (2016). Prenatal exposure to mixtures of xenoestrogens and genome-wide DNA methylation in human placenta. Epigenomics, 8(1), 43-54. https://doi.org/10.2217/epi.15.91