The risk of HCMV transmission to the fetus in pregnant women receiving immunosuppressive agents is unknown. We describe two cases of pregnant women with evidence of pre-conception HCMV protective immunity receiving azathioprine for ulcerative colitis or systemic lupus erythematosus. Both women reactivated the HCMV and transmitted the infection to the fetuses. One newborn showed unilateral hearing deficits and brain abnormalities while the other was asymptomatic. The mother of the symptomatic newborn had low levels of total and HCMV-specific blood CD4+ T cells. Women receiving immunosuppressive agents deserve information about the risk of HCMV congenital infection and should be monitored for HCMV infection during pregnancy. Their newborns should be screened for HCMV congenital infection.
- Congenital cytomegalovirus infection
- Fetal MRI
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Biochemistry