Purpose: To evaluate the effect of preoperative anemia (PA) on oncological outcomes in a multicenter cohort of patients with non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) treated with transurethral resection of the bladder (TURB) and adjuvant intravesical therapies. We hypothesize that PA represents a marker of disease aggressiveness and could be used to improve the discrimination of prognostic tools for the prediction of disease recurrence and progression. Methods: This multicenter retrospective study included 1,117 patients from 4 different centers. The presence of PA was assessed according to the World Health Organization classification as a preoperative hemoglobin level of≤13. g/dl in men and≤12. g/dl in women. PA evaluation was done at each institution, generally 1 to 3 days before surgery. Multivariable Cox regression models were performed to evaluate the prognostic effect of PA on survival outcomes. Results: Overall, 381 (34%) patients with NMIBC treated with TURB, had PA. Median follow-up for patients alive at last follow-up was 62.7 months (interquartile range: 25-110.7). On multivariable Cox regression analyses that accounted for the effect of standard clinicopathologic prognosticators, PA was independently associated with recurrence-free survival (P = 0.045) and progression-free survival (P = 0.01). Adding PA to a model for the prediction of disease recurrence and progression improved the discrimination of the prognostic models marginally from 69.8% to 70.3% and from 71.6% to 73.1%, respectively. Conclusions: PA was found in more than one-third of patients with NMIBC treated with TURB. PA was associated with poor oncological outcomes and was an independent predictor of intravesical disease recurrence and progression. However, the additional prognostic information provided by PA remains limited.
|Journal||Urologic Oncology: Seminars and Original Investigations|
|Publication status||Accepted/In press - Aug 8 2016|
- Non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer
- Preoperative anemia
ASJC Scopus subject areas