Preoperative intensity-modulated radiotherapy with a simultaneous integrated boost combined with Capecitabine in locally advanced rectal cancer: Short-term results of a multicentric study

Marco Lupattelli, Fabio Matrone, Maria Antonietta Gambacorta, Mattia Osti, Gabriella Macchia, Elisa Palazzari, Luca Nicosia, Federico Navarria, Giuditta Chiloiro, Vincenzo Valentini, Cynthia Aristei, Antonino Paoli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Preoperative radiotherapy (RT) in combination with fluoropyrimidine-based chemotherapy (CT) is the standard of care in patients with locally advanced, T3-T4 N0-2, rectal cancer (LARC). Given the correlation between RT dose-tumor response and the prognostic role of the tumor regression grade (TRG), treatment intensification represents an area of active investigation. The aim of the study was to analyze the role of RT dose-intensification in the preoperative treatment of LARC in terms of feasibility, efficacy and toxicity. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed patients with LARC treated with intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) and simultaneous integrated boost (SIB) at five Italian radiation oncology centers. Concurrent Capecitabine was administered. Treatment response was evaluated in terms of disease down-staging and TRG. Acute toxicity was evaluated according to the CTC-AE 4.0 scale. Results: A total of 76 patients were identified for this analysis. A dose of 45 Gy was prescribed to the entire mesorectum and pelvic lymph nodes with a median SIB dose of 54 Gy (range 52.5-57.5) to the tumor and corresponding mesorectum. Overall, 74/76 (97.4%) patients completed the planned RT, whereas 64/76 (84.2%) patients completed the prescribed CT. Eight (10.5%) patients developed grade 3-4 acute toxicity. Overall, 72/76 patients underwent surgery. The tumor and nodal down-staging was documented in 51 (70.8%) and 43 (67%) patients, respectively. Twenty (27.8%) patients obtained a pathologic complete response. Surgical morbidity was reported in 13/72 patients (18.1%). Conclusions: Although retrospective in design, this study indicates that IMRT-SIB with a dose range of 52.5-57.5 Gy (median 54 Gy) and concomitant Capecitabine appears feasible, well tolerated and effective in terms of disease down-staging and pathological complete response. Long-term toxicity and the impact on disease control and patient survival will be evaluated with a longer follow-up time. Trial registration: NA

Original languageEnglish
Article number139
Number of pages7
JournalRadiation Oncology
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 22 2017

Keywords

  • Capecitabine
  • Imrt-sib
  • Pre-operative chemo-radiotherapy
  • Rectal cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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    Lupattelli, M., Matrone, F., Gambacorta, M. A., Osti, M., Macchia, G., Palazzari, E., Nicosia, L., Navarria, F., Chiloiro, G., Valentini, V., Aristei, C., & Paoli, A. (2017). Preoperative intensity-modulated radiotherapy with a simultaneous integrated boost combined with Capecitabine in locally advanced rectal cancer: Short-term results of a multicentric study. Radiation Oncology, 12(1), [139]. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13014-017-0870-4