Preparation and characterisation of an innovative injectable calcium sulphate based bone cement for vertebroplasty application

Mehran Dadkhah, Lucia Pontiroli, Sonia Fiorilli, Antonio Manca, Francesca Tallia, Ion Tcacencu, Chiara Vitale-Brovarone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In this study, an innovative injectable and bioresorbable composite cement (Spine-Ghost) has been developed by combining a radiopaque glass-ceramic powder (SCNZgc) and spray-dried mesoporous bioactive particles (W-SC) into type III alpha calcium sulphate hemihydrate (α-CSH) (composition α-CSH/SCNZgc/W-SC, 70/20/10 wt%). The Spine-Ghost cement and pure α-CSH (as a reference) were characterised in terms of physical and mechanical properties and compared to a commercial reference (Cerament®-Bonesupport AB, Sweden). The Spine-Ghost cement had a setting time comparable with Cerament® showing a good injectability in the range of 8-20 minutes after the end of mixing. In addition, the Spine-Ghost cement showed a good radiopacity when compared with standard PMMA (BonOs Inject, aap Biomaterials GmbH Germany) and higher compressive strength when compared to healthy cancellous bone. The bioactivity of both Spine-Ghost and Cerament® was evaluated through in vitro soaking in simulated body fluid (SBF). Spine-Ghost samples were highly bioactive, inducing the precipitation of hydroxyapatite crystals in the first week of soaking in vitro. It was also found that the degradation kinetics of the Spine-Ghost cement were faster than those of pure α-CSH and comparable to those of Cerament® after approximately 1 month of soaking in SBF. Moreover, the Spine-Ghost cement was cytocompatible in indirect-contact culture in vitro. Overall results indicate that the Spine-Ghost cement might be a very good candidate for vertebroplasty application and could enhance new bone formation in vivo.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)102-115
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry B
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Medicine(all)
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)


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