Preparation and characterization of a microencapsulated polyethylene glycol cross-linked polyhemoglobin

Marcos C. Knirsch, Filippo Dell’Anno, Dennis Chicoma, Marco Antonio Stephano, Nádia A. Bou-Chacra, Domenico Palombo, Attilio Converti, Bronislaw Polakiewicz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Many complications are associated to the therapeutic use of blood, among which are not only transfusion adverse events but also other issues such as lack of donors and high costs for collecting, testing, preserving, and distributing blood packages. Therefore, a clinically viable “blood substitute” is considered the holy grail of traumatology and may greatly benefit medicine. One of the most successful approaches to date is conjugating hemoglobin with polyethylene glycol (PEG). This conjugation aims mainly at overcoming free cell hemoglobin toxicity, which makes its use as oxygen carrier in pure form unfeasible. To improve PEG-hemoglobin conjugates feasibility, we propose applying dual functional PEG cross-linking hemoglobin molecules encapsulated by a protein carrier. The new oxygen carrier showed mean values of the hydrodynamic diameter, dispersity, and zeta potential of 1370 nm, 0.029 and −36 mV, respectively, evidencing the successful synthesis of PEG bis(N-succinimidyl succinate) and polyhemoglobin as well as the structuring of protein carrier.

Original languageEnglish
JournalBioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
Issue number11
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Aug 28 2015


  • Gelatin
  • Microparticle
  • Oxygen carrier
  • Polyethylene glycol
  • Polyhemoglobin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering


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