Preparation, characterisation and preliminary antitumour activity evaluation of a novel nanoparticulate system based on a cisplatin-hyaluronate complex and N-trimethyl chitosan

Sergio Cafaggi, Eleonora Russo, Rossana Stefani, Brunella Parodi, Gabriele Caviglioli, Greta Sillo, Angela Bisio, Cinzia Aiello, Maurizio Viale

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In this work, nanoparticles with a positive surface charge were prepared through the electrostatic interaction of a new cisplatin-hyaluronate complex with N-trimethyl chitosan (substitution degree of 85%). Mean particle diameter was approximately 195 nm. Drug loading of nanoparticles, which had a zeta potential of about 27 mV, was equal to 6% w/w. After 24 h, while the cisplatin-hyaluronate complex released approximately 60% w/w drug in phosphate buffered saline at pH 7.4, approximately 40% w/w of total cisplatin was released from nanoparticles. The same cumulative amounts of released drug were found after 48 h. These nanoparticles, as well as the starting cisplatin-hyaluronate complex, were active on all cell lines tested (P388, A2780, A549), with an antiproliferative activity similar to that of cisplatin. Apoptosis was markedly induced in A2780 cells by nanoparticles. In a preliminary in vivo experiment, the antitumour activity against a murine tumour (P388 cells) subcutaneously implanted in mice, resulted similar to that of cisplatin for nanoparticles whereas the starting complex showed a non-significant activity at the cisplatin dose tested. Body weight change of treated mice suggested a significantly better tolerance of the nanoparticles compared to cisplatin, after an initial brief period of acute toxicity higher than the parent drug. These results indicate that such a particulate system could be useful as a carrier for cisplatin delivery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)443-455
Number of pages13
JournalInvestigational New Drugs
Volume29
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2011

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Keywords

  • Antiproliferative activity
  • Antitumour activity
  • Cisplatin
  • Hyaluronic acid/hyaluronan
  • Nanoparticle
  • Quaternised chitosan

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Oncology

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