Preproenkephalin upregulation in nucleus caudalis: High and low intensity afferent stimulation differentially modulate early and late responses

T. Nishimori, M. G. Buzzi, E. H. Chudler, C. E. Poletti, M. A. Moskowitz, G. R. Uhl

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Nucleus caudalis expression of preproenkephalin mRNA changes following lesions depleting small-caliber primary afferent fibers and after stimulation of trigeminal afferents at different intensities. Animals treated neonatally with capsaicin display reduced preproenkephalin gene expression in nucleus caudalis neurons. Stimulation of normal animals at low intensities enhances preproenkephalin expression in a bimodal temporal pattern. High intensity stimulation is effective only at later time points in normal animals, but it causes both early and late effects on preproenkephalin expression when applied to animals neonatally lesioned with capsaicin. Transsynaptic regulation of preproenkephalin expression in pain-modulating areas of the nucleus caudalis of the trigeminal nerve thus depends on the specific type of primary afferent input. The rapid responses noted after selective large fiber stimulation appear to be suppressed by coactivation of small caliber fibers. Later responses appear less influenced by the quality of the eliciting afferent stimulus.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1002-1018
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Comparative Neurology
Volume302
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1990

Keywords

  • gene regulation
  • In situ hybridization
  • pain
  • trigeminal nerve

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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