Presence: Form, content and consciousness

John A. Waterworth, Eva Lindh Waterworth, Giuseppe Riva, Fabrizia Mantovani

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


In this chapter we present a rather wide-ranging perspective on presence as a central, characterizing feature of conscious mental life. After clarifying what we mean by presence in the first section, Sect. 3.2 discusses the implications of this for measurement. In Sect. 3.3, we consider the importance of media form for the sense of presence, before moving on in Sect. 3.4 to the relationship between presence and the sense of self considered in evolutionary terms. Section 3.5 deals specifically with attention, viewing presence as a reflection of attentional focus. Our aim is to convey the big picture about presence: what it is, what itand#x2019;s for, how it evolved, what it is determined by and the effects it can have.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationImmersed in Media: Telepresence Theory, Measurement and Technology
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Number of pages24
ISBN (Print)9783319101903, 9783319101897
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2015


  • Action
  • Attention
  • Brain
  • Consciousness
  • Content
  • Embodiment
  • Evolution
  • Form
  • Imagery
  • Imagination
  • Measurement
  • Psychology
  • Psychotherapy
  • Self
  • Synesthesia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)

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