Presence of maternal antibodies to human immunodeficiency virus 1 envelope glycoprotein gp120 epitopes correlates with the uninfected status of children born to seropositive mothers

P. Rossi, V. Moschese, P. A. Broliden, C. Fundaro, I. Quinti, A. Plebani, C. Giaquinto, P. A. Tovo, K. Ljunggren, J. Rosen, H. Wigzell, M. Jondal, B. Wahren

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Abstract

The present study demonstrates that maternal antibodies to certain epitopes of human immunodeficiency virus 1 (HIV-1) proteins are associated with a defined outcome for at-risk pregnancies of HIV-infected women. An initial retrospective analysis of antibodies to synthetic peptides and recombinant proteins representing env, pol, and gag regions of HIV-1 was carried out. Sera studied were from 33 children who were born to HIV-infected mothers and whose clinical outcome was known at the time of analysis. Sera, collected within the first 6 months of life, of uninfected at-risk children were found to selectively contain maternal antibodies to certain peptides containing epitopes of the HIV envelope glycoprotein gp120. To confirm the predictive role of maternal antibodies to defined HIV-1 epitopes, a prospective analysis was then performed on sera from 21 HIV-seropositive mothers and their infants, whose clinical and immunological status was then followed up for a period of at least 15 months. As expected, antibodies to the same envelope protein peptides were detected almost exclusively in sera from mothers of uninfected children. Our data suggest that antibodies against select epitopes of HIV envelope protein gp120 might play an important role in preventing mother-to-child transmission of HIV-1 infection. Accordingly, site-directed serology might be used to predict the outcome of an at-risk pregnancy of an HIV-infected woman.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8055-8058
Number of pages4
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume86
Issue number20
Publication statusPublished - 1989

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HIV-1
Epitopes
Glycoproteins
Mothers
Antibodies
HIV Envelope Protein gp120
HIV
Serum
Peptides
Human Immunodeficiency Virus Proteins
Pregnancy
Virus Diseases
Serology
Recombinant Proteins
Proteins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General
  • Genetics

Cite this

Presence of maternal antibodies to human immunodeficiency virus 1 envelope glycoprotein gp120 epitopes correlates with the uninfected status of children born to seropositive mothers. / Rossi, P.; Moschese, V.; Broliden, P. A.; Fundaro, C.; Quinti, I.; Plebani, A.; Giaquinto, C.; Tovo, P. A.; Ljunggren, K.; Rosen, J.; Wigzell, H.; Jondal, M.; Wahren, B.

In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Vol. 86, No. 20, 1989, p. 8055-8058.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Rossi, P, Moschese, V, Broliden, PA, Fundaro, C, Quinti, I, Plebani, A, Giaquinto, C, Tovo, PA, Ljunggren, K, Rosen, J, Wigzell, H, Jondal, M & Wahren, B 1989, 'Presence of maternal antibodies to human immunodeficiency virus 1 envelope glycoprotein gp120 epitopes correlates with the uninfected status of children born to seropositive mothers', Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 86, no. 20, pp. 8055-8058.
Rossi, P. ; Moschese, V. ; Broliden, P. A. ; Fundaro, C. ; Quinti, I. ; Plebani, A. ; Giaquinto, C. ; Tovo, P. A. ; Ljunggren, K. ; Rosen, J. ; Wigzell, H. ; Jondal, M. ; Wahren, B. / Presence of maternal antibodies to human immunodeficiency virus 1 envelope glycoprotein gp120 epitopes correlates with the uninfected status of children born to seropositive mothers. In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 1989 ; Vol. 86, No. 20. pp. 8055-8058.
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