Present and future of immunosuppressive therapy in kidney transplantation

C. Ponticelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Patient and graft survivals following kidney transplantation, the treatment of choice for patients with end- stage renal disease, have dramatically increased in recent years. This is mainly due to improvements in immunosuppression and medical care posttransplantation. Original immunosuppressive protocols were based on glucocorticoids and azathioprine but many patients developed acute rejection requiring high-dose prednisone. These immunosuppressive protocols nonselectively inhibit elements of host resistance, such as monocytes, granulocytes, and macrophages, and because of this high mortality rates due to opportunistic infections were often observed. The introduction of newer agents, such as tacrolimus, sirolimus, anti- interleukin-2 receptor monoclonal antibodies, and mycophenolate salts with a more selective mechanism for T- and B-cell alloimmune responses, led to a reduction in the incidence of infection. Clinical trials based on the combination of these drugs with steroids and cyclosporine show a reduced incidence of acute rejection episodes (

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2439-2440
Number of pages2
JournalTransplantation Proceedings
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Transplantation


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