Background: Presenting systolic blood pressure (SBP) is a powerful predictor of mortality in many cardiovascular settings, including acute coronary syndromes, cardiogenic shock, and acute heart failure. Objectives: This study evaluated the association of presenting SBP with in-hospital outcomes, specifically all-cause mortality, in acute aortic dissection (AAD). Methods: The study included 6,238 consecutive patients (4,167 with type A and 2,071 with type B AAD) enrolled in the International Registry of Acute Aortic Dissection. Patients were stratified in 4 groups according to presenting SBP: SBP >150, SBP 101 to 150, SBP 81 to 100, or SBP ≤80 mm Hg. Results: The relationship between presenting SBP and in-hospital mortality displayed a J-curve association, with significantly higher mortality rates in patients with very high SBP (26.3% for SBP >180 mm Hg in type A AAD, 13.3% for SBP >200 mm Hg in type B AAD; p = 0.005 and p = 0.018, respectively) as well as in those with SBP ≤100 mm Hg (29.9% in type A, 22.4% in type B; p = 0.033 and p = 0.015, respectively). This relationship was mainly from increased rates of in-hospital complications (acute renal failure, coma, and mesenteric ischemia/infarction in patients with SBP >150 mm Hg; stroke, coma, cardiac tamponade, myocardial ischemia/infarction, and acute renal failure in patients with SBP ≤80 mm Hg). Notably, presenting SBP ≤80 mm Hg was independently associated with in-hospital mortality in both type A (p = 0.001) and type B AAD (p = 0.003). Conclusions: Presenting SBP showed a clear J-curve relationship with in-hospital mortality in patients with AAD. Although this association was related to increased rates of comorbid conditions at the edges of the curve, SBP ≤80 mm Hg was an independent correlate of in-hospital mortality.
- blood pressure
- type A aortic dissection
- type B aortic dissection
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine