Preservation of antigen-specific functions of αβ T cells and B cells removed from hematopoietic stem cell transplants suggests their use as an alternative cell source for advanced manipulation and adoptive immunotherapy

Giuseppina Li Pira, Stefano Di Cecca, Simone Biagini, Elia Girolami, Elisabetta Cicchetti, Valentina Bertaina, Concetta Quintarelli, Ignazio Caruana, Barbarella Lucarelli, Pietro Merli, Daria Pagliara, Letizia Pomponia Brescia, Alice Bertaina, Mauro Montanari, Franco Locatelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is standard therapy for numerous hematological diseases. The use of haploidentical donors, sharing half of the HLA alleles with the recipient, has facilitated the use of this procedure as patients can rely on availability of a haploidentical donor within their family. Since HLA disparity increases the risk of graft-versus-host disease, T-cell depletion has been used to remove alloreactive lymphocytes from the graft. Selective removal of αβ T cells, which encompass the alloreactive repertoire, combined with removal of B cells to prevent EBV-related lymphoproliferative disease, proved safe and effective in clinical studies. Depleted αβ T cells and B cells are generally discarded as by-products. Considering the possible use of donor T cells for donor lymphocyte infusions or for generation of pathogen-specific T cells as mediators of graft-versus-infection effect, we tested whether cells in the discarded fractions were functionally intact. Response to alloantigens and to viral antigens comparable to that of unmanipulated cells indicated a functional integrity of αβ T cells, in spite of the manipulation used for their depletion. Furthermore, B cells proved to be efficient antigen-presenting cells, indicating that antigen uptake, processing, and presentation were fully preserved. Therefore, we propose that separated αβ T lymphocytes could be employed for obtaining pathogen-specific T cells, applying available methods for positive selection, which eventually leads to indirect allodepletion. In addition, these functional T cells could undergo additional manipulation, such as direct allodepletion or genetic modification.

Original languageEnglish
Article number332
JournalFrontiers in Immunology
Volume8
Issue numberMAR
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 23 2017

Keywords

  • Alloreactivity
  • Antigen-induced activation
  • B-cell presentation
  • Graft manipulation
  • HLA-haploidentical transplantation
  • αβ T cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Preservation of antigen-specific functions of αβ T cells and B cells removed from hematopoietic stem cell transplants suggests their use as an alternative cell source for advanced manipulation and adoptive immunotherapy'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this