Preservation of the temporal muscle during the frontotemporoparietal approach for decompressive craniectomy: Technical note

Paolo Missori, Sergio Paolini, Pasqualino Ciappetta, Arsen Seferi, Maurizio Domenicucci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: In patients undergoing decompressive craniectomy, resection and detachment of the temporal muscle produces esthetic and functional damage, due to atrophy of the frontal portion of the temporal muscle in the temporal fossa. We have performed en-block temporal muscle detachment in decompressive craniectomy patients to avoid esthetic and functional damage to the temporal muscle. Methods: Twenty-one patients underwent decompressive craniectomy using a frontotemporoparietal approach. Through a three-leaf clover flap skin incision, the temporal muscle was detached en-block and overturned antero-inferiorly conjoined with the frontal myocutaneous flap. A decompressive craniectomy and duraplasty were performed. A polyethylene sheet was added to prevent adherence of the temporal muscle to the dura mater. Results: The decompressive craniectomy was effective in all patients. When subsequent cranioplasty was performed, the temporal muscle was easily repositioned. No complications resulted from the en-block temporal muscle detachment or the use of the polyethylene sheet. In 18 patients eligible for clinical and radiological follow-up, excellent (n = 4) or good (n = 14) esthetic results were detected. Chewing ability is considered normal by all patients. Conclusion: Although it requires that the patient undergo two surgical procedures, en-block detachment of the temporal muscle during decompressive craniectomy allows good esthetic and functional results.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1335-1339
Number of pages5
JournalActa Neurochirurgica
Volume155
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2013

Keywords

  • Decompressive craniectomy
  • Dural patch
  • Intracranial hypertension
  • Polyethylene
  • Reconstructive surgical procedures
  • Temporal muscle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Surgery

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