Prevalence and Control of Hypertension in Different Macro-Areas in Italy: Analysis of a Large Database by the General Practice

Giuliano Tocci, Giulio Nati, Claudio Cricelli, Damiano Parretti, Francesco Lapi, Andrea Ferrucci, Claudio Borghi, Massimo Volpe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Introduction: Limited data are available on the impact of hypertension in the different regions or urban areas in Italy. Aim: To evaluate hypertension prevalence and control among adult outpatients followed by general practitioners (GPs) in different regions and macro-areas in our Country. Methods: We retrospectively analysed data extracted in 2013 from the national GP Health Search-CSD database and stratified into three groups, depending on their own regions (North, Center and South). Hypertension prevalence was estimated within the overall population sample of adult individuals, whereas control was assessed in hypertensive outpatients. Hypertension diagnosis was defined according to International Classification of Diseases 9. Clinic blood pressure (BP) levels were measured according to European guidelines. BP control was defined as BP <140/90 mmHg. Results: Data from 940,806 individuals (52.0 % female) were scrutinized, among whom 363,324 (38.6 %) subjects were residents in the North, 276,643 (29.4 %) in the Center and 300,839 (32.0 %) in the South. Overall hypertension prevalence was higher in North (36.8 %) compared to South (33.8 %) and Center (29.3 %). Controlled BP levels were more frequently registered in the South (66.3 %) compared to Center (60.7 %) and North (55.6 %). In all these areas, prevalence and control of hypertension were higher in female than in male individuals. Conclusions: The present analysis demonstrates relevant differences in hypertension prevalence and control among different macro-areas and regions in Italy. Such analysis may be useful for promoting strategies aimed at ameliorating hypertension control at local levels.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)387-393
Number of pages7
JournalHigh Blood Pressure and Cardiovascular Prevention
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2016


  • General medicine
  • Hypertension control
  • Hypertension prevalence
  • Italy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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