Prevalence and determinants of diabetes mellitus in a representative sample of italian adults

Rosario Asciutto, Alessandra Lugo, Silvano Gallus, Maria Carla Roncaglioni, Carlo La Vecchia, Cristina Bosetti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: There is a dramatic epidemic of diabetes mellitus worldwide. This study provides an updated estimate of its prevalence and determinants among Italian adults.

Methods: data were derived from a face-to-face survey conducted in 2013 on 2901 individuals (1391 men, 1510 women) aged 18 years or more, representative of the general adult Italian population. odds ratios (or) for diabetes versus non diabetes by selected risk factors were derived using multiple logistic regression models.

Results: overall, 135 out of 2901 adults (4.7%) reported a diagnosis of diabetes, with similar prevalence in men (4.8%) and women (4.5%). diabetes increased with increasing age (0.6% at age 18-44, 5.1% at age 45-64, and 11.3% at age ≥65 years; p-trend

Conclusions: although diabetes prevalence in Italy is still comparatively low on an european and worldwide scale, effective preventive intervention strategies – focused on major risk behaviours – should be implemented to control the diffusion of this condition.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalEpidemiology Biostatistics and Public Health
Volume11
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • Diabetes
  • Italy
  • Prevalence
  • Risk factors
  • Survey

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Health Policy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Community and Home Care

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