Prevalence and Determinants of Tinnitus in the Italian Adult Population

Silvano Gallus, Alessandra Lugo, Werner Garavello, Cristina Bosetti, Eugenio Santoro, Paolo Colombo, Paola Perin, Carlo La Vecchia, Berthold Langguth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Limited, outdated, and poor quality data are available on the prevalence of tinnitus, particularly in Italy. Methods: A face-to-face survey was conducted in 2014 on 2,952 individuals, who represented the Italian population aged 18 or more (50.6 million). Any tinnitus was defined as the presence of ringing or buzzing in the ears lasting for at least 5 min in the previous 12 months. Results: Any tinnitus was reported by 6.2% of Italian adults, chronic tinnitus (i.e. for more than 3 months) by 4.8%, and severe tinnitus (i.e. which constitutes a big or very big problem) by 1.2%. The corresponding estimates for the population aged ≥45 years were 8.7, 7.4 and 2.0%, respectively. Multivariable analysis on population aged ≥45 years revealed that old age (odds ratio (OR) = 4.49 for ≥75 vs. 45-54 years) and obesity (OR = 2.14 compared to normal weight) were directly related to any tinnitus, and high monthly family income (OR = 0.50) and moderate alcohol consumption (OR = 0.59 for

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12-19
Number of pages8
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Aug 20 2015


  • Epidemiology
  • Italy
  • Prevalence
  • Representative survey
  • Risk factors
  • Tinnitus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Clinical Neurology


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