Prevalence and distribution by gender of occlusal characteristics in a sample of Italian secondary school students: A cross-sectional study

Fabio Ciuffolo, Lamberto Manzoli, Michele D'Attilio, Simona Tecco, Filippo Muratore, Felice Festa, Ferdinando Romano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

46 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence and distribution, by gender, of occlusal traits in a sample of Italian students aged 11-14 years (mean 13 ± 1 years). Using standardized and validated recording criteria, a single operator measured the overjet, overbite, open bite, anterior and posterior crossbites, crowding, coincidence of the upper and lower midlines, and diastema, in 810 secondary school students (53.6 per cent males). Chi-square, t-test statistics, and odds ratios (ORs) with 95 per cent confidence intervals (CI) were used to investigate the relationship between gender and malocclusion characteristic. Logistic regression was used to further analyse the independent association between gender and each outcome measure. Ninety-three per cent of the subjects showed at least one occlusal trait, with one or two anomalies recorded in 63 per cent of children. The prevalence of occlusal traits ranged from 1.1 (negative overjet) to 54 per cent (upper and lower midlines not coincident). Males were more likely than females to show both an increased overbite and an increased overjet, although the latter result was not confirmed by logistic regression (P = 0.05). Multivariate analysis showed a negative association between overbite and misalignment of the lower incisors and lack of coincidence of the upper and lower midlines, whereas subjects with an increased overbite were more likely to have an increased overjet (all P <0.01). Further studies are required in order to further clarify these findings and to provide accurate estimates of the orthodontic treatment need in Italian adolescents.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)601-606
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Journal of Orthodontics
Volume27
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2005

Fingerprint

Overbite
Cross-Sectional Studies
Students
Malocclusion
Diastema
Logistic Models
Open Bite
Incisor
Chi-Square Distribution
Orthodontics
Multivariate Analysis
Odds Ratio
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Confidence Intervals

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

Cite this

Prevalence and distribution by gender of occlusal characteristics in a sample of Italian secondary school students : A cross-sectional study. / Ciuffolo, Fabio; Manzoli, Lamberto; D'Attilio, Michele; Tecco, Simona; Muratore, Filippo; Festa, Felice; Romano, Ferdinando.

In: European Journal of Orthodontics, Vol. 27, No. 6, 12.2005, p. 601-606.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ciuffolo, Fabio ; Manzoli, Lamberto ; D'Attilio, Michele ; Tecco, Simona ; Muratore, Filippo ; Festa, Felice ; Romano, Ferdinando. / Prevalence and distribution by gender of occlusal characteristics in a sample of Italian secondary school students : A cross-sectional study. In: European Journal of Orthodontics. 2005 ; Vol. 27, No. 6. pp. 601-606.
@article{80e6d598a3c242ecbd45ebaad83afe64,
title = "Prevalence and distribution by gender of occlusal characteristics in a sample of Italian secondary school students: A cross-sectional study",
abstract = "The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence and distribution, by gender, of occlusal traits in a sample of Italian students aged 11-14 years (mean 13 ± 1 years). Using standardized and validated recording criteria, a single operator measured the overjet, overbite, open bite, anterior and posterior crossbites, crowding, coincidence of the upper and lower midlines, and diastema, in 810 secondary school students (53.6 per cent males). Chi-square, t-test statistics, and odds ratios (ORs) with 95 per cent confidence intervals (CI) were used to investigate the relationship between gender and malocclusion characteristic. Logistic regression was used to further analyse the independent association between gender and each outcome measure. Ninety-three per cent of the subjects showed at least one occlusal trait, with one or two anomalies recorded in 63 per cent of children. The prevalence of occlusal traits ranged from 1.1 (negative overjet) to 54 per cent (upper and lower midlines not coincident). Males were more likely than females to show both an increased overbite and an increased overjet, although the latter result was not confirmed by logistic regression (P = 0.05). Multivariate analysis showed a negative association between overbite and misalignment of the lower incisors and lack of coincidence of the upper and lower midlines, whereas subjects with an increased overbite were more likely to have an increased overjet (all P <0.01). Further studies are required in order to further clarify these findings and to provide accurate estimates of the orthodontic treatment need in Italian adolescents.",
author = "Fabio Ciuffolo and Lamberto Manzoli and Michele D'Attilio and Simona Tecco and Filippo Muratore and Felice Festa and Ferdinando Romano",
year = "2005",
month = "12",
doi = "10.1093/ejo/cji043",
language = "English",
volume = "27",
pages = "601--606",
journal = "European Journal of Orthodontics",
issn = "0141-5387",
publisher = "Oxford University Press",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Prevalence and distribution by gender of occlusal characteristics in a sample of Italian secondary school students

T2 - A cross-sectional study

AU - Ciuffolo, Fabio

AU - Manzoli, Lamberto

AU - D'Attilio, Michele

AU - Tecco, Simona

AU - Muratore, Filippo

AU - Festa, Felice

AU - Romano, Ferdinando

PY - 2005/12

Y1 - 2005/12

N2 - The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence and distribution, by gender, of occlusal traits in a sample of Italian students aged 11-14 years (mean 13 ± 1 years). Using standardized and validated recording criteria, a single operator measured the overjet, overbite, open bite, anterior and posterior crossbites, crowding, coincidence of the upper and lower midlines, and diastema, in 810 secondary school students (53.6 per cent males). Chi-square, t-test statistics, and odds ratios (ORs) with 95 per cent confidence intervals (CI) were used to investigate the relationship between gender and malocclusion characteristic. Logistic regression was used to further analyse the independent association between gender and each outcome measure. Ninety-three per cent of the subjects showed at least one occlusal trait, with one or two anomalies recorded in 63 per cent of children. The prevalence of occlusal traits ranged from 1.1 (negative overjet) to 54 per cent (upper and lower midlines not coincident). Males were more likely than females to show both an increased overbite and an increased overjet, although the latter result was not confirmed by logistic regression (P = 0.05). Multivariate analysis showed a negative association between overbite and misalignment of the lower incisors and lack of coincidence of the upper and lower midlines, whereas subjects with an increased overbite were more likely to have an increased overjet (all P <0.01). Further studies are required in order to further clarify these findings and to provide accurate estimates of the orthodontic treatment need in Italian adolescents.

AB - The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence and distribution, by gender, of occlusal traits in a sample of Italian students aged 11-14 years (mean 13 ± 1 years). Using standardized and validated recording criteria, a single operator measured the overjet, overbite, open bite, anterior and posterior crossbites, crowding, coincidence of the upper and lower midlines, and diastema, in 810 secondary school students (53.6 per cent males). Chi-square, t-test statistics, and odds ratios (ORs) with 95 per cent confidence intervals (CI) were used to investigate the relationship between gender and malocclusion characteristic. Logistic regression was used to further analyse the independent association between gender and each outcome measure. Ninety-three per cent of the subjects showed at least one occlusal trait, with one or two anomalies recorded in 63 per cent of children. The prevalence of occlusal traits ranged from 1.1 (negative overjet) to 54 per cent (upper and lower midlines not coincident). Males were more likely than females to show both an increased overbite and an increased overjet, although the latter result was not confirmed by logistic regression (P = 0.05). Multivariate analysis showed a negative association between overbite and misalignment of the lower incisors and lack of coincidence of the upper and lower midlines, whereas subjects with an increased overbite were more likely to have an increased overjet (all P <0.01). Further studies are required in order to further clarify these findings and to provide accurate estimates of the orthodontic treatment need in Italian adolescents.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=29044444824&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=29044444824&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1093/ejo/cji043

DO - 10.1093/ejo/cji043

M3 - Article

C2 - 16009668

AN - SCOPUS:29044444824

VL - 27

SP - 601

EP - 606

JO - European Journal of Orthodontics

JF - European Journal of Orthodontics

SN - 0141-5387

IS - 6

ER -