Prevalence and epidemiological correlates and treatment outcome of HCV infection in an Italian prison setting

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Abstract

Background: The aim of the present study is to test in the feasibility of a screening programme for HCV infection in an Italian prison and to evaluate the treatment outcomes. Method. Single-centre cross-sectional study carried out in Milan-Opera. The HCV infection prevalence was calculated on the imprisoned population on the January 31 2006, the data on treatment over the following 2 years. Treatment option offered to HCV chronically infected patients was then analysed, reasons for not being treated was evaluated. Results: Of the 965 inmates, 695 were enrolled in the study, 682 (98%) were males, the median age was 43 years. There were 131 (18.8%) foreigners and 564 (81.2%) Italians. HCV seroprevalence was 22.4%(95% CI:19.4%-25.7%), 60 subjects (38.4%) being HIV co-infected too. Prevalence of HCV infection was significantly higher in HIVAb positive (89.6%; 95% CI:79.7%-95.7%) than in HIVAb negative (15.15%; 95% CI 12.6%-18.3%) (p

Original languageEnglish
Article number981
JournalBMC Public Health
Volume13
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Keywords

  • HCV treatment
  • HCV-infection
  • HCV-prevalence
  • HIV-HCV coinfection
  • Prison

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Medicine(all)

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