Prevalence and incidence of Multiple Sclerosis in Campobasso (Molise region chieftown, southern Italy)

P. Bellantonio, G. Iuliano, F. Di Blasio, S. Ruggieri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective Multiple Sclerosis in southern Italy was not epidemiologically studied until 2006 in Salerno (Campania region), with data based on the registry of district MS centers established since 1996 by Italian Ministry of Health. This paper reports data about Molise region by the same metodology as Campanian study. Patients and methods The registry of MS center was searched for the city of Campobasso, chief town of Molise region. Population screened: 51,633 units. ISTAT 2005 data were used for comparison and age standardization. Prevalence day: September 30, 2009; incidence was calculated by cumulative rates 1996-2000 and 2001-2005. Results 47 patients were collected, 17 males, 30 females, age 44.10 (9-74, SD 14.38); female/male ratio = 1.76/1; age onset 34.61 (4-61, SD 12.40); mean disease duration 9.48 years (0-24; SD 4.28). Males prevalence: 68.62/100,000; females: 111.68/100,000. Total prevalence: 91.02/100,000; standardized: 90.91/100,000. Incidence rates: 1996-2000: 10.84/100,000; 2001-2005: 4.26/100,000. Conclusions Prevalence is coherent with previous Campanian data, and with last epidemiologic papers on middle Italy, confirming also the validity of MS district centers registries. A possible underestimation of data, for some patients could still migrate to northern centers, could contribute to the differences in incidence. Nevertheless, prevalence data confirm southern Italy as high risk area for MS, and stands against a latitude gradient in this country.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1806-1808
Number of pages3
JournalClinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
Volume115
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2013

Keywords

  • Demyelinating diseases
  • Epidemiology
  • Incidence
  • Multiple Sclerosis
  • Prevalence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Surgery

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Prevalence and incidence of Multiple Sclerosis in Campobasso (Molise region chieftown, southern Italy)'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this