Prevalence and management of panic attacks during infliximab infusion in psoriatic patients

R. Saraceno, S. Faleri, M. Ruzzetti, D. Centonze, S. Chimenti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Psoriasis is a chronic, inflammatory skin disease associated with anxiety and depression. Infliximab (IFX) is a human/mouse chimeric anti-TNF-α antibody effective in the treatment of psoriasis. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of panic disorders in psoriatic patients during IFX infusions. Methods: A retrospective study was performed on patients affected with psoriasis who were treated with IFX from 2002 to 2011 at a single center. Panic disorders were defined using the clinical criteria of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition. A population of dermatological patients under treatment with IVG, rituximab, apheresis, intravenous corticosteroids and antibiotics was considered as the control group. Results: A total of 141 patients were evaluated. Of these, 6 (4.25%) experienced panic attacks during the infusion; 16 (11.3%) had a medical history of panic attack and of those 5/16 (31%) experienced panic attacks during IFX infusion. In the control group panic attacks were not recorded. Conclusion: We describe 6 cases of patients in whom panic attacks were triggered by IFX infusion. Premedication with oral benzodiazepine and a slow rate of infusion is recommended.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)236-241
Number of pages6
JournalDermatology
Volume225
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2013

Keywords

  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Infliximab
  • Panic attacks
  • Psoriasis
  • Tumor necrosis factor-α

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology

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