Prevalence and pathophysiology of post-prandial migraine in patients with functional dyspepsia

Michele Di Stefano, Ennio Pucci, Emanuela Miceli, Elisabetta Pagani, Natascia Brondino, Giuseppe Nappi, Gino Roberto Corazza, Antonio Di Sabatino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Migraine is a condition frequently associated with gastrointestinal disorders. Previous reports have shown the relationship between irritable bowel syndrome and migraine, but no data are yet available in patients with functional dyspepsia. We therefore evaluated whether alteration of gastric sensorimotor activity may be related to migraine. Methods: Sixty patients affected by functional dyspepsia, 38 with postprandial distress syndrome and 22 with epigastric pain syndrome were enrolled in a cohort study. Presence and severity of dyspeptic symptoms, migraine presence and severity, gastric sensitivity thresholds during fasting and postprandial period, gastric accommodation and gastric emptying time were evaluated. Results: In epigastric pain syndrome, 12/22 (54%) patients suffered from migraine and this condition was never correlated with meal ingestion. In postprandial distress syndrome patients, 29/38 (76%) suffered from migraine, in 26/29 (89%) its onset was considered as meal-related, and migraine severity was significantly correlated with postprandial modification of the gastric discomfort threshold (r = −0.73; p < 0.001). In patients with postprandial distress syndrome, in the subgroup with moderate to severe migraine, the severity of fullness and early satiation was significantly higher than in patients with mild or absent migraine. In patients with moderate to severe migraine, gastric accommodation, sensitivity thresholds and gastric emptying time were similar to patients with mild or no migraine. Conclusions: In patients with functional dyspepsia and postprandial symptoms, migraine is a very frequent comorbidity. On clinical grounds, it is associated with an increased severity of fullness and early satiation and, on pathophysiological grounds, it seems correlated with postprandial hypersensitivity.

Original languageEnglish
JournalCephalalgia
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2019

Keywords

  • barostat
  • discomfort threshold
  • functional dyspepsia
  • gastric tone
  • Migraine
  • visceral sensitivity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology

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