Prevalence of antibodies to human immunodeficiency virus type 1 and condom use among outpatients at a sexually transmitted disease clinic in rome

R. Corona, G. Gentili, G. Rezza, A. Mele, F. Caprilli, L. Ferrigno, G. Prignano, A. Giglio, F. Titti, G. Palamara, E. Franco, P. Verani, P. Pasquini

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To assess the prevalence of HIV-1 infection and study selected risk factors among patients attending a clinic for sexually transmitted diseases in Rome, 1442 outpatients seen consecutively between 20 February and 12 December 1989 were anonymously tested for anti-HIV-1. An evaluation of the trend of the HIV-1 infection was attempted by comparing the results of the present study with those obtained from a similar sample studied in 1986 in the same clinic. The overall estimated prevalence of anti-HIV-1 was 1.2 % among heterosexual non-drug user subjects and 16.1 % among homosexual or bisexual men. The anti-HIV-1 seropositivity was significantly higher in heterosexual subjects who reported sexual contact with intravenous drug users, as compared with those who did not report such exposure (12.5 % vs 0.8 %, p

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)328-333
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1992


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Immunology

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