Prevalence of burnout syndrome among italian volunteers of the red cross: A cross-sectional study

Francesco Chirico, Pietro Crescenzo, Angelo Sacco, Matteo Riccò, Serena Ripa, Gabriella Nucera, Nicola Magnavita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Burnout syndrome (BOS) is a work-related constellation of symptoms characterized by emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and personal accomplishment. A cross-sectional survey was performed to study the prevalence of BOS among a randomly selected sample of 280 Italian Red Cross volunteers. A socio-demographic questionnaire and the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI)- HSS were used to collect data. 241 volunteers participated (response rate: 86.1%). A significant proportion of the workers had BOS subscale scores in the highest tertile: Emotional exhaustion 8.0%, depersonalization 35.9% and perceived lack of accomplishment 23.5%, respectively. Volunteers in emergency care reported higher levels of emotional exhaustion (p=0.004) and depersonalization (p=0.001), and lower level of personal accomplishment (p=0.042) than volunteers engaged in nonhealthcare social and administrative duties. These findings support the opportunity of a set of administrative, organizational and individual preventive interventions for emergency volunteers’ mental health.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)117-127
Number of pages11
JournalIndustrial Health
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • Burnout syndrome
  • Emergency care
  • Mental health
  • Red Cross
  • Volunteers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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