Prevalence of Cardiovascular Disease and Osteoporosis During Androgen Deprivation Therapy Prescription Discordant to EAU Guidelines: Results From a Multicenter, Cross-sectional Analysis From the CHOsIng Treatment for Prostate canCEr (CHOICE) Study

Giuseppe Morgia, Giorgio Ivan Russo, Andrea Tubaro, Roberto Bortolus, Donato Randone, Pietro Gabriele, Fabio Trippa, Filiberto Zattoni, Massimo Porena, Vincenzo Mirone, Sergio Serni, Alberto Del Nero, Giancarlo Lay, Umberto Ricardi, Francesco Rocco, Carlo Terrone, Arcangelo Pagliarulo, Giuseppe Ludovico, Giuseppe Vespasiani, Maurizio BrausiClaudio Simeone, Giovanni Novella, Giorgio Carmignani, Rosario Leonardi, Paola Pinnarò, Ugo De Paula, Renzo Corvò, Raffaele Tenaglia, Salvatore Siracusano, Giovanna Mantini, Paolo Gontero, Gianfranco Savoca, Vincenzo Ficarra, L. U. N. A. Foundation and Società Italiana d'Urologia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective To analyze the prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and osteoporosis in patients treated with androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) for prostate cancer (PCa) but not adherent to European Association of Urology (EAU) guidelines. Materials and Methods The CHOosIng Treatment for Prostate CanCEr (CHOICE) study was an Italian multicenter, cross-sectional study conducted from December 2010 to January 2012. A total of 1386 patients treated with ADT for PCa (first prescription or renewal of ADT) were selected. According to EAU guidelines, the cohort was categorized in discordant ADT (Group A) and concordant ADT (Group B). The prevalence of CVD and osteoporosis after ADT was recorded. Results The final cohort included 1075 patients. According to EAU guidelines adherence, 285 (26.51%) and 790 (73.49%) were considered discordant and concordant, respectively. The proportion of men with Charlson Comorbidity Index  > 2 at baseline was statistically similar in Group A (81.8%) compared to Group B (80.8%) (P = .96). The number of complications reported at enrollment was as follows: cardiovascular in 351 (32.7%), endocrine in 166 (15.4%), sexual in 498 (46.3%), osteoporosis in 181 (16.8%), and gynecomastia in 274 (25.5%) subjects. At the multivariate logistic regression analysis adjusted for confounding factors, discordant ADT was associated with greater risk of cardiovascular complications (odds ratio: 2.07; P < .01) and osteoporosis (odds ratio: 1.75; P = .04). Conclusion About one-third of patients with PCa received inappropriate ADT and showed a greater risk of CVD and osteoporosis. These results could be useful for setting better policy strategies to limit the inappropriateness of ADT prescription.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)165-170
Number of pages6
JournalUrology
Volume96
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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