Prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis, trichomonas vaginalis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae based on data collected by a network of clinical microbiology laboratories, in Italy

Maria Cristina Salfa, Barbara Suligoi, Maria Agnese Latino, Alessandra Sacchi, Laura Dapiran, Giliola Crotti, Pierangelo Clerici, Monica Barzani, Iole Caola, Rosanna Predazzer, Maria Luisa Modolo, Rita De Rosa, Manola Comar, Francesco De Seta, Alessandra Sensini, Stefano Perito, Paola Pauri, Sara Secondini, Maria Carmela Cava, Maria Vittoria De SandroCristina Giraldi, Daniela Perugini, Rosa Anna Leone, Pasquale Minchella, Luigi Tagliaferro, Paola Menegazzi, Anna Rita Bruno

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Bacterial and protozoal sexually transmitted infections (STIs), such as Chlamydia trachomatis, Trichomonas vaginalis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae, may cause acute symptoms, chronic infections and severe long-term complications. The complications of these infections in women include pelvic inflammatory disease, chronic pelvic pain, tubal infertility, ectopic pregnancy, and infertility. Moreover, infection during pregnancy is associated with premature rupture of the membranes, low birth weight and miscarriage. In Italy, Chlamydia trachomatis and Trichomonas vaginalis infections are not subject to mandatory reporting; while Gonorrhoea is subject to mandatory reporting. To extend surveillance to STIs that are widespread yet often asymptomatic and to improve the knowledge on the epidemiology of these infections in Italy, in 2009 the “Centro Operativo AIDS of the Istituto Superiore di Sanita`”, in collaboration with the Association of Italian Clinical Microbiologists (AMCLI, Associazione Microbiologi Clinici Italiani), launched the sentinel STIs surveillance system based on a network of 13 clinical microbiology laboratories. The main objective of the surveillance was to assess the prevalence and risk factors associated with Chlamydia trachomatis, Trichomonas vaginalis and Neisseria gonorrhoea infections among individuals attending microbiology laboratories in Italy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)47-57
Number of pages11
JournalAdvances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Volume901
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • Chlamydia trachomatis
  • Microbiology laboratories
  • Neisseria gonorrhoeae
  • Prevalence
  • Risk factors
  • Trichomonas vaginalis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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    Salfa, M. C., Suligoi, B., Latino, M. A., Sacchi, A., Dapiran, L., Crotti, G., Clerici, P., Barzani, M., Caola, I., Predazzer, R., Modolo, M. L., De Rosa, R., Comar, M., De Seta, F., Sensini, A., Perito, S., Pauri, P., Secondini, S., Cava, M. C., ... Bruno, A. R. (2016). Prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis, trichomonas vaginalis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae based on data collected by a network of clinical microbiology laboratories, in Italy. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, 901, 47-57. https://doi.org/10.1007/5584_2015_5015