Prevalence of diabetes is higher among female than male Zuni Indians

Marina Scavini, Christine A. Stidley, Vallabh O. Shah, Andrew S. Narva, Francesca Tentori, David S. Kessler, Arlene Bobelu, Carleton P. Albert, Jeanette Bobelu, Eunice Jamon, Kathy Natachu, Donica Neha, Mildred Waikaniwa, Thomas K. Welty, Jean W. Macclver, Philip G. Zager

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

OBJECTIVE - Test the hypothesis that diabetes and related risk factors are more common among female than male Zuni Indians. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS - We conducted a population-based, cross-sectional survey of the Zuni Indians aged ≥5 years. We used households within neighborhood clusters as the sampling frame. We administered a questionnaire, collected blood and urine, and measured height and weight. Self-reported diabetes was used to assess previously diagnosed diabetes. Participants without a prior history of diabetes were classified as having newly diagnosed diabetes if they had HbA1c >7.0% or random glucose ≥11.1 mmol/l during the survey. RESULTS - The prevalence of previously diagnosed diabetes among Zuni Indians aged ≥5 years (n = 1,503) was higher among female Zuni Indians (16.7% [95% CI 14.1-19.3]) than male Zuni Indians (9.7% [7.4-12.1]) (P <0.001). The prevalence of newly diagnosed diabetes was similar among female Zuni Indians (2.4% [1.4-3.4]) and male Zuni Indians (2.4% [1.2-3.6]). The prevalence of previously and newly diagnosed diabetes was higher among female Zuni Indians (19.1% [16.4-21.9]) than male Zuni Indians (12.2% [9.5-14.8]) (P <0.001). The prevalence of obesity was higher among female Zuni Indians (34.3% [30.9-37.7]) than male Zuni Indians (21.5% [18.4-24.7]) (P <0.001). Obesity was associated with diabetes among female and male Zuni Indians. Physical inactivity was more common among female Zuni Indians (44.2% [40.7-47.8]) than male Zuni Indians (35.1% [31.5-38.7]) (P <0.001). However, physical inactivity was not associated with diabetes among either female or male Zuni Indians. Gestational diabetes was a risk factor among female Zuni Indians. CONCLUSIONS - Among the Zuni Indians, the prevalence of diabetes was 57% higher among female than male members of the population. Culture, tradition, and lifestyle differences may contribute to the higher prevalence of diabetes and obesity among female Zuni Indians.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)55-60
Number of pages6
JournalDiabetes Care
Volume26
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2003

Fingerprint

Obesity
Gestational Diabetes
Population
Life Style
Research Design
Cross-Sectional Studies
Urine
Weights and Measures
Glucose
Surveys and Questionnaires

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Cite this

Scavini, M., Stidley, C. A., Shah, V. O., Narva, A. S., Tentori, F., Kessler, D. S., ... Zager, P. G. (2003). Prevalence of diabetes is higher among female than male Zuni Indians. Diabetes Care, 26(1), 55-60. https://doi.org/10.2337/diacare.26.1.55

Prevalence of diabetes is higher among female than male Zuni Indians. / Scavini, Marina; Stidley, Christine A.; Shah, Vallabh O.; Narva, Andrew S.; Tentori, Francesca; Kessler, David S.; Bobelu, Arlene; Albert, Carleton P.; Bobelu, Jeanette; Jamon, Eunice; Natachu, Kathy; Neha, Donica; Waikaniwa, Mildred; Welty, Thomas K.; Macclver, Jean W.; Zager, Philip G.

In: Diabetes Care, Vol. 26, No. 1, 01.01.2003, p. 55-60.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Scavini, M, Stidley, CA, Shah, VO, Narva, AS, Tentori, F, Kessler, DS, Bobelu, A, Albert, CP, Bobelu, J, Jamon, E, Natachu, K, Neha, D, Waikaniwa, M, Welty, TK, Macclver, JW & Zager, PG 2003, 'Prevalence of diabetes is higher among female than male Zuni Indians', Diabetes Care, vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 55-60. https://doi.org/10.2337/diacare.26.1.55
Scavini M, Stidley CA, Shah VO, Narva AS, Tentori F, Kessler DS et al. Prevalence of diabetes is higher among female than male Zuni Indians. Diabetes Care. 2003 Jan 1;26(1):55-60. https://doi.org/10.2337/diacare.26.1.55
Scavini, Marina ; Stidley, Christine A. ; Shah, Vallabh O. ; Narva, Andrew S. ; Tentori, Francesca ; Kessler, David S. ; Bobelu, Arlene ; Albert, Carleton P. ; Bobelu, Jeanette ; Jamon, Eunice ; Natachu, Kathy ; Neha, Donica ; Waikaniwa, Mildred ; Welty, Thomas K. ; Macclver, Jean W. ; Zager, Philip G. / Prevalence of diabetes is higher among female than male Zuni Indians. In: Diabetes Care. 2003 ; Vol. 26, No. 1. pp. 55-60.
@article{1946b9b296104e9095b42863d2f789cf,
title = "Prevalence of diabetes is higher among female than male Zuni Indians",
abstract = "OBJECTIVE - Test the hypothesis that diabetes and related risk factors are more common among female than male Zuni Indians. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS - We conducted a population-based, cross-sectional survey of the Zuni Indians aged ≥5 years. We used households within neighborhood clusters as the sampling frame. We administered a questionnaire, collected blood and urine, and measured height and weight. Self-reported diabetes was used to assess previously diagnosed diabetes. Participants without a prior history of diabetes were classified as having newly diagnosed diabetes if they had HbA1c >7.0{\%} or random glucose ≥11.1 mmol/l during the survey. RESULTS - The prevalence of previously diagnosed diabetes among Zuni Indians aged ≥5 years (n = 1,503) was higher among female Zuni Indians (16.7{\%} [95{\%} CI 14.1-19.3]) than male Zuni Indians (9.7{\%} [7.4-12.1]) (P <0.001). The prevalence of newly diagnosed diabetes was similar among female Zuni Indians (2.4{\%} [1.4-3.4]) and male Zuni Indians (2.4{\%} [1.2-3.6]). The prevalence of previously and newly diagnosed diabetes was higher among female Zuni Indians (19.1{\%} [16.4-21.9]) than male Zuni Indians (12.2{\%} [9.5-14.8]) (P <0.001). The prevalence of obesity was higher among female Zuni Indians (34.3{\%} [30.9-37.7]) than male Zuni Indians (21.5{\%} [18.4-24.7]) (P <0.001). Obesity was associated with diabetes among female and male Zuni Indians. Physical inactivity was more common among female Zuni Indians (44.2{\%} [40.7-47.8]) than male Zuni Indians (35.1{\%} [31.5-38.7]) (P <0.001). However, physical inactivity was not associated with diabetes among either female or male Zuni Indians. Gestational diabetes was a risk factor among female Zuni Indians. CONCLUSIONS - Among the Zuni Indians, the prevalence of diabetes was 57{\%} higher among female than male members of the population. Culture, tradition, and lifestyle differences may contribute to the higher prevalence of diabetes and obesity among female Zuni Indians.",
author = "Marina Scavini and Stidley, {Christine A.} and Shah, {Vallabh O.} and Narva, {Andrew S.} and Francesca Tentori and Kessler, {David S.} and Arlene Bobelu and Albert, {Carleton P.} and Jeanette Bobelu and Eunice Jamon and Kathy Natachu and Donica Neha and Mildred Waikaniwa and Welty, {Thomas K.} and Macclver, {Jean W.} and Zager, {Philip G.}",
year = "2003",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.2337/diacare.26.1.55",
language = "English",
volume = "26",
pages = "55--60",
journal = "Diabetes Care",
issn = "1935-5548",
publisher = "American Diabetes Association Inc.",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Prevalence of diabetes is higher among female than male Zuni Indians

AU - Scavini, Marina

AU - Stidley, Christine A.

AU - Shah, Vallabh O.

AU - Narva, Andrew S.

AU - Tentori, Francesca

AU - Kessler, David S.

AU - Bobelu, Arlene

AU - Albert, Carleton P.

AU - Bobelu, Jeanette

AU - Jamon, Eunice

AU - Natachu, Kathy

AU - Neha, Donica

AU - Waikaniwa, Mildred

AU - Welty, Thomas K.

AU - Macclver, Jean W.

AU - Zager, Philip G.

PY - 2003/1/1

Y1 - 2003/1/1

N2 - OBJECTIVE - Test the hypothesis that diabetes and related risk factors are more common among female than male Zuni Indians. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS - We conducted a population-based, cross-sectional survey of the Zuni Indians aged ≥5 years. We used households within neighborhood clusters as the sampling frame. We administered a questionnaire, collected blood and urine, and measured height and weight. Self-reported diabetes was used to assess previously diagnosed diabetes. Participants without a prior history of diabetes were classified as having newly diagnosed diabetes if they had HbA1c >7.0% or random glucose ≥11.1 mmol/l during the survey. RESULTS - The prevalence of previously diagnosed diabetes among Zuni Indians aged ≥5 years (n = 1,503) was higher among female Zuni Indians (16.7% [95% CI 14.1-19.3]) than male Zuni Indians (9.7% [7.4-12.1]) (P <0.001). The prevalence of newly diagnosed diabetes was similar among female Zuni Indians (2.4% [1.4-3.4]) and male Zuni Indians (2.4% [1.2-3.6]). The prevalence of previously and newly diagnosed diabetes was higher among female Zuni Indians (19.1% [16.4-21.9]) than male Zuni Indians (12.2% [9.5-14.8]) (P <0.001). The prevalence of obesity was higher among female Zuni Indians (34.3% [30.9-37.7]) than male Zuni Indians (21.5% [18.4-24.7]) (P <0.001). Obesity was associated with diabetes among female and male Zuni Indians. Physical inactivity was more common among female Zuni Indians (44.2% [40.7-47.8]) than male Zuni Indians (35.1% [31.5-38.7]) (P <0.001). However, physical inactivity was not associated with diabetes among either female or male Zuni Indians. Gestational diabetes was a risk factor among female Zuni Indians. CONCLUSIONS - Among the Zuni Indians, the prevalence of diabetes was 57% higher among female than male members of the population. Culture, tradition, and lifestyle differences may contribute to the higher prevalence of diabetes and obesity among female Zuni Indians.

AB - OBJECTIVE - Test the hypothesis that diabetes and related risk factors are more common among female than male Zuni Indians. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS - We conducted a population-based, cross-sectional survey of the Zuni Indians aged ≥5 years. We used households within neighborhood clusters as the sampling frame. We administered a questionnaire, collected blood and urine, and measured height and weight. Self-reported diabetes was used to assess previously diagnosed diabetes. Participants without a prior history of diabetes were classified as having newly diagnosed diabetes if they had HbA1c >7.0% or random glucose ≥11.1 mmol/l during the survey. RESULTS - The prevalence of previously diagnosed diabetes among Zuni Indians aged ≥5 years (n = 1,503) was higher among female Zuni Indians (16.7% [95% CI 14.1-19.3]) than male Zuni Indians (9.7% [7.4-12.1]) (P <0.001). The prevalence of newly diagnosed diabetes was similar among female Zuni Indians (2.4% [1.4-3.4]) and male Zuni Indians (2.4% [1.2-3.6]). The prevalence of previously and newly diagnosed diabetes was higher among female Zuni Indians (19.1% [16.4-21.9]) than male Zuni Indians (12.2% [9.5-14.8]) (P <0.001). The prevalence of obesity was higher among female Zuni Indians (34.3% [30.9-37.7]) than male Zuni Indians (21.5% [18.4-24.7]) (P <0.001). Obesity was associated with diabetes among female and male Zuni Indians. Physical inactivity was more common among female Zuni Indians (44.2% [40.7-47.8]) than male Zuni Indians (35.1% [31.5-38.7]) (P <0.001). However, physical inactivity was not associated with diabetes among either female or male Zuni Indians. Gestational diabetes was a risk factor among female Zuni Indians. CONCLUSIONS - Among the Zuni Indians, the prevalence of diabetes was 57% higher among female than male members of the population. Culture, tradition, and lifestyle differences may contribute to the higher prevalence of diabetes and obesity among female Zuni Indians.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0042671429&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0042671429&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.2337/diacare.26.1.55

DO - 10.2337/diacare.26.1.55

M3 - Article

C2 - 12502658

AN - SCOPUS:0042671429

VL - 26

SP - 55

EP - 60

JO - Diabetes Care

JF - Diabetes Care

SN - 1935-5548

IS - 1

ER -