The aim of the study was the assessment of the urinary iodine excretion and the evaluation of thyroid volume compared with clinical examination in 1040 schoolchildren (6-14 years old), living in Rome. Mean urinary iodine excretion was 98.52 ± 49.81 μg/l (median 92 μg/l). Thyroid enlargement, as assessed by palpation, was found to be grade 1A in 35.4% of the children, grade 1B in 9.6% and grade 2 in 0.2%. Thyroid volume, determined by ultrasound, increased with age, was significantly correlated with body surface area and was significantly higher in females, as compared to males, in the 11 and 12 years old group. Eleven children (1.9%) were negative at palpation (grade 0) but showed thyroid enlargement by ultrasound. The prevalence of goiter determined by ultrasound resulted to be 4.7%.
|Translated title of the contribution||Prevalence of goiter and urinary iodine excretion in a schoolchildren population in Rome|
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanita|
|Publication status||Published - 1998|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health