Prevalence of malnutrition and inadequate food intake in self-feeding rehabilitation patients with stroke

R. Aquilani, M. Galli, C. Guarnaschelli, G. Fugazza, M. Lorenzoni, E. Varalda, N. Arrigoni, M. P. Achilli, G. P. Zelaschi, M. G. Crespi, P. Baiardi, P. Mariani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background. Malnutrition is known to impair functional outcome and prolong the hospital stay of rehabilitation patients with stroke. The aim of this study was to establish the prevalence of malnutrition in self-feeding patients with stroke and to investigate the adequacy of their food intake. Methods. One hundred and fifty self-feeding patients with stroke were considered (85 M + 65 W; 60 ± 11 yrs, 30 ± 10 days from the acute event; 45.3% with right and 54.7% with left hemiplegia). Each patient underwent the following evaluations: a) anthropometry to diagnose the malnutrition; b) resting energy expenditure (REE by indirect calorimetry, standard protocol); c) calorie and macronutrient intakes by using 3 - day food diaries; d) 24 hr urinary nitrogen excretion to measure nitrogen balance (NB). Results. Forty- five patients (=30%) were diagnosed as malnourished. Inadequacies in calorie (Kcal-I/REE≤110%), protein (

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)75-81
Number of pages7
JournalEuropa Medicophysica
Volume35
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1999

Keywords

  • Cerebrovascular disorders rehabilitation
  • Nutrition disorders
  • Self-feeding

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation

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    Aquilani, R., Galli, M., Guarnaschelli, C., Fugazza, G., Lorenzoni, M., Varalda, E., Arrigoni, N., Achilli, M. P., Zelaschi, G. P., Crespi, M. G., Baiardi, P., & Mariani, P. (1999). Prevalence of malnutrition and inadequate food intake in self-feeding rehabilitation patients with stroke. Europa Medicophysica, 35(2), 75-81.