Prevalence of pain in the departments of surgery and oncohematology of a paediatric hospital that has joined the project "Towards pain free hospital"

Giuliano Marchetti, A. Vittori, V. Tortora, M. Bishop, G. Lofino, V. Pardi, E. A. De Marco, G. Manca, A. Inserra, R. Caruso, I. Ciaralli, F. Locatelli, S. Bella, A. E. Tozzi, S. Picardo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background. Among hospitalized adults and children pain is undertreated. This study wants to assess the effectiveness of pain therapy in two departments of a large children's hospital. Materials and Methods. During a single day work three committees, administering a questionnaire to patients or parents, have evaluated the adherence to international recommendations (JCI and WHO) in the management of analgesic therapy. Patient demographics, prevalence and intensity (moderate and/or severe) of pain (during hospitalization, 24 hours before and at the time of the interview), analgesia (type, route, duration and frequency of administration) and Pain Management Index (=analgesic score-pain score) were recorded. Results. 75 patients participated in the study (age: 2 months up to 24 years, mean 7.8 ± 6). During hospitalization 43 children (57%) had no pain while 32 (43%) have experienced pain. 22 children (29 %) had pain 24 hours before and 12 (16%) at the time of the interview. The average value of the PMI was -0.8±1.3 with a minimum of -3 and a maximum of +2: 60% (19) of the children had a PMI less than 0 (undertreated pain) while 40% (13) had a value=or > 0. Out of 32 patients who needed an analgesic therapy 14 (44%) received an around-the-clock dosing, 8 (25%) an intermittent therapy and 10 (31%) no treatment.17 (77 %) were the single drug therapy and 5 (23%) the multimodal ones. Conclusion. The prevalence of pain in the two departments is high. The main cause is that knowledge is not still well translated into clinical practice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)156-160
Number of pages5
JournalClinica Terapeutica
Volume167
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • Children
  • Pain
  • Prevalence
  • Therapypain

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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