Prevalence of silent myocardial ischaemia during exercise stress testing. Its relation to effort tolerance and myocardial perfusion abnormalities

G. Fragasso, M. G. Sciammarella, E. E. Rossetti, R. G. Xuereb, M. Xuereb, F. Bonetti, O. M. Carandente, A. Margonato, S. L. Chierchia

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Abstract

The number of underperfused myocardial segments, the extent of coronary artery disease and the severity of impairment of coronary flow reserve were compared in 147 consecutive patients exhibiting painful or painless ischaemic ST segment depression on exercise testing. Of 147 patients, only 61 (41%) experienced angina (group 1) whilst 86 (59%) did not (group 2). In the two groups coronary disease was comparable for both extent and distribution, and neither the location of transient perfusion defects nor their relation to areas of old myocardial necrosis appeared to influence the presence or absence of chest pain. However, exercise duration, exercise time and rate-pressure product at the beginning of ischaemia were lower in group 1. Furthermore, a greater proportion of asymptomatic patients had only one ischaemic segment on 99mTc-MIBI perfusion scintigraphy. We conclude that: (1) in patients with effort angina and coronary disease, the incidence of electrocardiographic silent ischaemic events induced by exercise is similar to that observed in studies based on continuous ECG monitoring. (2) Exertional angina is more frequently associated with greater ischaemic areas and with more severe degrees of impairment of residual coronary flow reserve. (3) The presence of an old myocardial infarction does not appear to influence the incidence of ischaemic cardiac pain.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)947-951
Number of pages5
JournalEuropean Heart Journal
Volume13
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 1992

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Keywords

  • Coronary artery disease
  • Exercise test
  • Silent myocardial ischaemia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Fragasso, G., Sciammarella, M. G., Rossetti, E. E., Xuereb, R. G., Xuereb, M., Bonetti, F., Carandente, O. M., Margonato, A., & Chierchia, S. L. (1992). Prevalence of silent myocardial ischaemia during exercise stress testing. Its relation to effort tolerance and myocardial perfusion abnormalities. European Heart Journal, 13(7), 947-951.