Prevention and treatment of radiation-induced acute dermatitis in head and neck cancer patients: A systematic review

Nicola Alessandro Iacovelli, Marco Galaverni, Anna Cavallo, Simona Naimo, Nadia Facchinetti, Cinzia Iotti, Carlo Fallai, Ester Orlandi

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Acute dermatitis is the most common radio-induced side effect during treatment for head and neck cancer. The use of a wide variety of agents is reported to handle skin toxicity. Our aim was to review the literature and synthesize current available evidence. A comprehensive search was performed on multiple electronic databases until February 2017 and a systematic approach was carried out according to PRISMA guidelines. A total of 17 papers (950 patients on the whole) met the inclusion/exclusion criteria, with 12 randomized controlled trials and five nonrandomized observational and prospective studies. Generally speaking, there was no strong evidence to support the superiority of any specific intervention neither in prevention nor in therapeutic settings. Well-designed randomized studies including quality of life measurements are needed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)291-305
Number of pages15
JournalFuture Oncology
Volume14
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2018

Keywords

  • acute radiation dermatitis
  • dermatitis assessment and documentation
  • head and neck cancer
  • prevention and treatment interventions
  • radiotherapy skin toxicity
  • systematic review

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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