Prevention by mannan and other sugars of in vitro damage of rat fetal small intestine induced by cereal prolamin peptides toxic for human celiac intestine

S. Auricchio, G. De Ritis, M. De Vincenzi, F. Latte, L. Maiuri, A. Pino, V. Raia, V. Silano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Peptic-tryptic-cotazym and peptic-tryptic digests were obtained, simulating in vivo protein digestion, from pure 'bread' wheat gliadins and from rye, barley, and oats prolamin and tested on small intestine cultures from fetal rats. When tested at a concentration of 0.1 mg of peptides/ml of culture medium the peptic-tryptic-cotazym and peptic-tryptic digests of gliadin and prolamines were very active in slowing in vitro development of fetal rat intestine and in increasing the occurrence and severity of degenerative changes. The ability of some sugars to interfere with inhibition of fetal intestinal morphogensis induced by these peptides was also tested. Mannan at a concentration of 0.1 mM was effective in allowing intestinal morphogenesis to take place in the presence of prolamine peptic-tryptic-cotazym and prolamine peptic-tryptic digests of the four toxic cereals. Some oligomers of N-acetylglucosamine were also effective in blocking the inhibitory effect of 'bread' wheat gliadin peptides. These data are compatible with the hypothesis that some sugars may exert a protective effect of the toxic activity of cereal prolamin peptides on the human celiac intestine.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)703-707
Number of pages5
JournalPediatric Research
Volume22
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1987

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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    Auricchio, S., De Ritis, G., De Vincenzi, M., Latte, F., Maiuri, L., Pino, A., Raia, V., & Silano, V. (1987). Prevention by mannan and other sugars of in vitro damage of rat fetal small intestine induced by cereal prolamin peptides toxic for human celiac intestine. Pediatric Research, 22(6), 703-707.