Ondansetron (OND) is a new 5-HT3 receptor antagonist that gives complete protection from emesis/ nausea in approximately 50% of cisplatin (CDDP)-treated patients. To evaluate if dexamethasone (DEX) added to OND increases antiemetic efficacy, we carried out a double-blind randomized crossover study to compare the antiemetic activity of OND with OND plus DEX. One hundred two chemotherapy-naive patients (44 women and 58 men) scheduled to receive CDDP chemotherapy at doses ≥ 50 mg/m2 entered the study. Eighty-nine patients completed both cycles with the following results: complete protection from emesis/ nausea was obtained in 57/59 patients (64.0%/66.3%) with OND and in 81/79 (91.0%/88.8%) with OND plus DEX (P = .0005/P = .0021). At the end of the study, 53% of the patients expressed a treatment preference, and of these, 74% chose OND plus DEX compared with 26% who preferred OND alone, a statistically significant difference (P <.003). Side effects were very mild and not significantly different between the two treatments. We conclude that OND plus DEX is more efficacious than OND in protecting patients from CDDP-induced emesis and nausea.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Journal of Clinical Oncology|
|Publication status||Published - 1991|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research