Prevention of postoperative urinary stress incontinence after surgery for genitourinary prolapse

Mario Colombo, Angelo Maggioni, Gerardo Zanetta, Michele Vignali, Rodolfo Milani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To compare cystopexy alone versus cystopexy with posterior pubourethral ligaments plication for the occurrence of postoperative stress incontinence after prolapse surgery, and to compare the two surgical series in terms of complications and urodynamic effects. Methods: One hundred two continent patients randomly underwent cystopexy alone (N = 52) or cystopexy with posterior pubourethral ligaments plication (N = 50). All had a urethrocystocele grade 2 or greater and a negative stress test with the prolapse repositioned. A full urodynamic investigation was repeated 6 months after surgery. Results: Twelve (23%) and 14 (28%) patients (P = .73) required intermittent self-catheterization for 11.1 ± 5.1 and 16.5 ± 11.1 days, respectively (cystopexy alone versus cystopexy with posterior pubourethral ligaments plication, P = .002). Long-lasting difficulties in voiding were present in zero and five (10%) patients (P = .02). One subject receiving posterior puboutethral ligaments plication underwent urethral dilation for complete urinary retention. At 1 year follow-up, four patients (8%) in each series developed postoperative stress incontinence (P = .62). Symptomatic detrusor instability complicated the postoperative course in one patient (2%) of each group. Conclusion: Cystopexy alone implied lower morbidity in terms of resumption of spontaneous voiding and long-lasting difficulties in voiding. The procedure could be recommended as an effective and safe treatment for continent patients with severe urethrocystocele. Additional plication of the posterior pubourethral ligaments did not seem superior to cystopexy alone in preventing the postoperative occurrence of stress incontinence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)266-271
Number of pages6
JournalObstetrics and Gynecology
Volume87
Issue number2 I
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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