Background: Urinary tract infection (UTI) is a prevalent condition in women during their lifetime with a high rate of recurrence within 3-6 mo. Objectives: Our aim was to investigate the efficacy and tolerability of the intravesical administration of combined hyaluronic acid (HA) and chondroitin sulphate (CS) in female patients with a history of recurrent UTI. Design, setting, and participants: We conducted a prospective, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled study comparing the intravesical instillation of HA-CS with placebo in women with recurrent UTI. Intervention: Participants were randomised to receive 50 ml of sterile sodium HA 1.6% and CS 2.0% solution (IALURIL ®) weekly for 4 wk and then monthly for 5 mo. Measurements: The primary end point of the study was defined as the mean number of UTI per patient per year. Participants were evaluated addressing UTI status/urinary symptoms and with a general health-related quality-of-life (QoL) questionnaire at baseline and after 3, 6, 9, and 12 mo. Results and limitations: In the intention-to-treat analysis, 57 women were randomly allocated to HA-CS (n = 28) or placebo (n = 29). The UTI rate per patient per year at the end of the study (12 mo) (mean ± SD: -86.6% ± 47.6 vs -9.6% ± 24.6; mean difference: 77%; 95% confidence interval, 72.3-80.8; p = 0.0002) and the mean time to UTI recurrence (52.7 ± 33.4 vs 185.2 ± 78.7 d; p <0.001) were significantly reduced after treatment with HA-CS compared with placebo. Overall urinary symptoms and QoL measured by questionnaires significantly improved compared with placebo (Pelvic Pain and Urgency/Frequency questionnaire symptom score: 14.53 ± 4.32 vs 9.88 ± 6.77; p = 0.004; SF-36 QoL score: 78.6 ± 6.44 vs 53.1 ± 4.72; p <0.001). No serious adverse event was reported. Conclusions: Compared with placebo, HA-CS intravesical instillations significantly reduced UTI rate without severe side effects while improving symptoms and QoL over a 12-mo period in patients with recurrent UTI. Trial registration: ISRCTN 76354426.
- Chondroitin sulphate
- Hyaluronic acid
- Intravesical instillation
- Recurrent urinary tract infections
ASJC Scopus subject areas