We report an unusual presentation of a primary β-sarcoglycanopathy (LGMD type 2E). A 12- year-old boy came to our attention after six episodes of exercise-induced myoglobinuria. Electromyogram showed mild myopathic features of the proximal lower limb muscles. Electrocardiogram was normal. Neurological examination revealed normal muscle strength and reduced deep tendon reflexes. A muscle biopsy showed rare regenerating fibers; the immunohistochemistry was normal for dystrophin, while all the sarcoglycans were diffusely decreased. Western blot analysis showed a relevant decrease of all sarcoglycan proteins and a mild dystrophin reduction. β-Sarcoglycan gene analysis demonstrated a compound heterozygous status for these mutations: a novel A-T base pair substitution at nucleotide 85 in exon 2, changing the codon Arg to a stop codon; a C-T base pair substitution at nucleotide 272 in exon 3 changing a Arg to a Cys residue. We consider that exercise-induced myoglobinuria may be the presenting sign of primary β-sarcoglycanopathy.
- Limb girdle muscular dystrophies-2E
- Primary β-sarcoglycanopathy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Developmental Neuroscience