Primary Bone Tumor of the Spine—An Evolving Field: What a General Spine Surgeon Should Know

Raphaële Charest-Morin, Charles G. Fisher, Arjun Sahgal, Stefano Boriani, Ziya L. Gokaslan, Aron Lazary, Jeremy Reynolds, Chetan Bettegowda, Laurence D. Rhines, Nicolas Dea

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Study Design: A narrative review of the literature. Objective: This article reviews the general principles of treatment and investigation for primary bone tumors of the spine. Furthermore, it explores the emerging alternatives. Methods: A review was performed using Medline, Embase, and Cochrane databases. Results: Primary bone tumors of the spine are rare entities that general spine surgeons may encounter only a few times in their career. The treatment algorithm of these complex tumors is filled with nuances and is evolving constantly. For these reasons, patients should be referred to experienced tertiary or quaternary centers who can offer a comprehensive multidisciplinary approach. For most malignant spinal bone tumors, surgery remains the cornerstone of treatment. Respecting oncologic principles has been associated with improved survival and decreased local recurrence in multiple settings. However, even in experienced centers, these surgeries carry a significant risk of adverse events and possible long-term neurologic impairment. The associated morbidity of these procedures and the challenges of local recurrence have encouraged professionals caring for these patients to explore alternatives or adjuncts to surgical treatment. Conclusions: Over the past few years, several advances have occurred in medical oncology, radiation oncology and interventional radiology, changing the treatment paradigm for some tumors. Other advances still need to be refined before being applied in a clinical setting.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)108S-116S
Number of pages9
JournalGlobal Spine Journal
Volume9
Issue number1_suppl
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2019
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • en bloc resection
  • interventional radiology
  • medical treatment
  • molecular sequencing
  • primary spine tumors
  • radiation oncology
  • surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this

Charest-Morin, R., Fisher, C. G., Sahgal, A., Boriani, S., Gokaslan, Z. L., Lazary, A., Reynolds, J., Bettegowda, C., Rhines, L. D., & Dea, N. (2019). Primary Bone Tumor of the Spine—An Evolving Field: What a General Spine Surgeon Should Know. Global Spine Journal, 9(1_suppl), 108S-116S. https://doi.org/10.1177/2192568219828727